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Irs 1040 Ez

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Irs 1040 Ez

Irs 1040 ez 2. Irs 1040 ez   Taxable and Nontaxable Income Table of Contents Compensation for Services Retirement Plan DistributionsIndividual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) Pensions and Annuities Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement BenefitsAre Any of Your Benefits Taxable? How Much Is Taxable? How To Report Your Benefits Lump-Sum Election Repayments More Than Gross Benefits Sickness and Injury BenefitsDisability Pensions Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts Workers' Compensation Other Sickness and Injury Benefits Life Insurance ProceedsInstallments for life. Irs 1040 ez Surviving spouse. Irs 1040 ez Endowment Contract Proceeds Accelerated Death Benefits Sale of HomeMaximum Amount of Exclusion Ownership and Use Tests Married Persons Business Use or Rental of Home Reporting the Sale Reverse Mortgages Other ItemsWelfare benefits. Irs 1040 ez Payments from a state fund for victims of crime. Irs 1040 ez Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP). Irs 1040 ez Mortgage assistance payments. Irs 1040 ez Payments to reduce cost of winter energy use. Irs 1040 ez Nutrition Program for the Elderly. Irs 1040 ez Reemployment Trade Adjustment Assistance (RTAA). Irs 1040 ez Generally, income is taxable unless it is specifically exempt (not taxed) by law. Irs 1040 ez Your taxable income may include compensation for services, interest, dividends, rents, royalties, income from partnerships, estate or trust income, gain from sales or exchanges of property, and business income of all kinds. Irs 1040 ez Under special provisions of the law, certain items are partially or fully exempt from tax. Irs 1040 ez Provisions that are of special interest to older taxpayers are discussed in this chapter. Irs 1040 ez Compensation for Services Generally, you must include in gross income everything you receive in payment for personal services. Irs 1040 ez In addition to wages, salaries, commissions, fees, and tips, this includes other forms of compensation such as fringe benefits and stock options. Irs 1040 ez You need not receive the compensation in cash for it to be taxable. Irs 1040 ez Payments you receive in the form of goods or services generally must be included in gross income at their fair market value. Irs 1040 ez Volunteer work. Irs 1040 ez   Do not include in your gross income amounts you receive for supportive services or reimbursements for out-of-pocket expenses under any of the following volunteer programs. Irs 1040 ez Retired Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP). Irs 1040 ez Foster Grandparent Program. Irs 1040 ez Senior Companion Program. Irs 1040 ez Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE). Irs 1040 ez Unemployment compensation. Irs 1040 ez   You must include in income all unemployment compensation you or your spouse (if married filing jointly) received. Irs 1040 ez More information. Irs 1040 ez   See Publication 525, Taxable and Nontaxable Income, for more detailed information on specific types of income. Irs 1040 ez Retirement Plan Distributions This section summarizes the tax treatment of amounts you receive from traditional individual retirement arrangements (IRA), employee pensions or annuities, and disability pensions or annuities. Irs 1040 ez A traditional IRA is any IRA that is not a Roth or SIMPLE IRA. Irs 1040 ez A Roth IRA is an individual retirement plan that can be either an account or an annuity and features nondeductible contributions and tax-free distributions. Irs 1040 ez A SIMPLE IRA is a tax-favored retirement plan that certain small employers (including self-employed individuals) can set up for the benefit of their employees. Irs 1040 ez More detailed information can be found in Publication 590, Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs), and Publication 575, Pension and Annuity Income. Irs 1040 ez Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) In general, distributions from a traditional IRA are taxable in the year you receive them. Irs 1040 ez Exceptions to the general rule are rollovers, tax-free withdrawals of contributions, and the return of nondeductible contributions. Irs 1040 ez These are discussed in Publication 590. Irs 1040 ez If you made nondeductible contributions to a traditional IRA, you must file Form 8606, Nondeductible IRAs. Irs 1040 ez If you do not file Form 8606 with your return, you may have to pay a $50 penalty. Irs 1040 ez Also, when you receive distributions from your traditional IRA, the amounts will be taxed unless you can show, with satisfactory evidence, that nondeductible contributions were made. Irs 1040 ez Early distributions. Irs 1040 ez   Generally, early distributions are amounts distributed from your traditional IRA account or annuity before you are age 59½, or amounts you receive when you cash in retirement bonds before you are age  59½. Irs 1040 ez You must include early distributions of taxable amounts in your gross income. Irs 1040 ez These taxable amounts are also subject to an additional 10% tax unless the distribution qualifies for an exception. Irs 1040 ez For purposes of the additional 10% tax, an IRA is a qualified retirement plan. Irs 1040 ez For more information about this tax, see Tax on Early Distributions under Pensions and Annuities, later. Irs 1040 ez After age 59½ and before age 70½. Irs 1040 ez   After you reach age 59½, you can receive distributions from your traditional IRA without having to pay the 10% additional tax. Irs 1040 ez Even though you can receive distributions after you reach age 59½, distributions are not required until you reach  age 70½. Irs 1040 ez Required distributions. Irs 1040 ez   If you are the owner of a traditional IRA, you generally must receive the entire balance in your IRA or start receiving periodic distributions from your IRA by April 1 of the year following the year in which you reach age 70½. Irs 1040 ez See When Must You Withdraw Assets? (Required Minimum Distributions) in Publication 590. Irs 1040 ez If distributions from your traditional IRA(s) are less than the required minimum distribution for the year, you may have to pay a 50% excise tax for that year on the amount not distributed as required. Irs 1040 ez For purposes of the 50% excise tax, an IRA is a qualified retirement plan. Irs 1040 ez For more information about this tax, see Tax on Excess Accumulation under Pensions and Annuities, later. Irs 1040 ez See also Excess Accumulations (Insufficient Distributions) in Publication 590. Irs 1040 ez Pensions and Annuities Generally, if you did not pay any part of the cost of your employee pension or annuity, and your employer did not withhold part of the cost of the contract from your pay while you worked, the amounts you receive each year are fully taxable. Irs 1040 ez However, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , later. Irs 1040 ez If you paid part of the cost of your pension or annuity plan (see Cost , later), you can exclude part of each annuity payment from income as a recovery of your cost (investment in the contract). Irs 1040 ez This tax-free part of the payment is figured when your annuity starts and remains the same each year, even if the amount of the payment changes. Irs 1040 ez The rest of each payment is taxable. Irs 1040 ez However, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers , later. Irs 1040 ez You figure the tax-free part of the payment using one of the following methods. Irs 1040 ez Simplified Method. Irs 1040 ez You generally must use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan (a qualified employee plan, a qualified employee annuity, or a tax-sheltered annuity plan or contract). Irs 1040 ez You cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. Irs 1040 ez General Rule. Irs 1040 ez You must use this method if your annuity is paid under a nonqualified plan. Irs 1040 ez You generally cannot use this method if your annuity is paid under a qualified plan. Irs 1040 ez Contact your employer or plan administrator to find out if your pension or annuity is paid under a qualified or nonqualified plan. Irs 1040 ez You determine which method to use when you first begin receiving your annuity, and you continue using it each year that you recover part of your cost. Irs 1040 ez Exclusion limit. Irs 1040 ez   If your annuity starting date is after 1986, the total amount of annuity income you can exclude over the years as a recovery of the cost cannot exceed your total cost. Irs 1040 ez Any unrecovered cost at your (or the last annuitant's) death is allowed as a miscellaneous itemized deduction on the final return of the decedent. Irs 1040 ez This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit on miscellaneous deductions. Irs 1040 ez   If you contributed to your pension or annuity and your annuity starting date is before 1987, you can continue to take your monthly exclusion for as long as you receive your annuity. Irs 1040 ez If you chose a joint and survivor annuity, your survivor can continue to take the survivor's exclusion figured as of the annuity starting date. Irs 1040 ez The total exclusion may be more than your cost. Irs 1040 ez Cost. Irs 1040 ez   Before you can figure how much, if any, of your pension or annuity benefits are taxable, you must determine your cost in the plan (your investment in the contract). Irs 1040 ez Your total cost in the plan includes everything that you paid. Irs 1040 ez It also includes amounts your employer contributed that were taxable to you when paid. Irs 1040 ez However, see Foreign employment contributions , later. Irs 1040 ez   From this total cost, subtract any refunded premiums, rebates, dividends, unrepaid loans, or other tax-free amounts you received by the later of the annuity starting date or the date on which you received your first payment. Irs 1040 ez   The annuity starting date is the later of the first day of the first period for which you received a payment from the plan or the date on which the plan's obligations became fixed. Irs 1040 ez    The amount of your contributions to the plan may be shown in box 9b of any Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. Irs 1040 ez , that you receive. Irs 1040 ez Foreign employment contributions. Irs 1040 ez   If you worked abroad, certain amounts your employer paid into your retirement plan that were not includible in your gross income may be considered part of your cost. Irs 1040 ez For details, see Foreign employment contributions in Publication 575. Irs 1040 ez Withholding. Irs 1040 ez   The payer of your pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, annuity, or deferred compensation plan will withhold income tax on the taxable part of amounts paid to you. Irs 1040 ez However, you can choose not to have tax withheld on the payments you receive, unless they are eligible rollover distributions. Irs 1040 ez (These are distributions that are eligible for rollover treatment but are not paid directly to another qualified retirement plan or to a traditional IRA. Irs 1040 ez ) See Withholding Tax and Estimated Tax and Rollovers in Publication 575 for more information. Irs 1040 ez   For payments other than eligible rollover distributions, you can tell the payer how much to withhold by filing a Form W-4P, Withholding Certificate for Pension or Annuity Payments. Irs 1040 ez Simplified Method. Irs 1040 ez   Under the Simplified Method, you figure the tax-free part of each annuity payment by dividing your cost by the total number of anticipated monthly payments. Irs 1040 ez For an annuity that is payable over the lives of the annuitants, this number is based on the annuitants' ages on the annuity starting date and is determined from a table. Irs 1040 ez For any other annuity, this number is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. Irs 1040 ez Who must use the Simplified Method. Irs 1040 ez   You must use the Simplified Method if your annuity starting date is after November 18, 1996, and you receive your pension or annuity payments from a qualified plan or annuity, unless you were at least 75 years old and entitled to at least 5 years of guaranteed payments (defined next). Irs 1040 ez   In addition, if your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996, you could have chosen to use the Simplified Method for payments from a qualified plan, unless you were at least 75 years old and entitled to at least 5 years of guaranteed payments. Irs 1040 ez If you chose to use the Simplified Method, you must continue to use it each year that you recover part of your cost. Irs 1040 ez Guaranteed payments. Irs 1040 ez   Your annuity contract provides guaranteed payments if a minimum number of payments or a minimum amount (for example, the amount of your investment) is payable even if you and any survivor annuitant do not live to receive the minimum. Irs 1040 ez If the minimum amount is less than the total amount of the payments you are to receive, barring death, during the first 5 years after payments begin (figured by ignoring any payment increases), you are entitled to less than 5 years of guaranteed payments. Irs 1040 ez Who cannot use the Simplified Method. Irs 1040 ez   You cannot use the Simplified Method and must use the General Rule if you receive pension or annuity payments from: A nonqualified plan, such as a private annuity, a purchased commercial annuity, or a nonqualified employee plan, or A qualified plan if you are age 75 or older on your annuity starting date and you are entitled to at least 5 years of guaranteed payments (defined above). Irs 1040 ez   In addition, you had to use the General Rule for either circumstance described above if your annuity starting date is after July 1, 1986, and before November 19, 1996. Irs 1040 ez If you did not have to use the General Rule, you could have chosen to use it. Irs 1040 ez You also had to use the General Rule for payments from a qualified plan if your annuity starting date is before July 2, 1986, and you did not qualify to use the Three-Year Rule. Irs 1040 ez   If you had to use the General Rule (or chose to use it), you must continue to use it each year that you recover your cost. Irs 1040 ez   Unless your annuity starting date was before 1987, once you have recovered all of your non-taxable investment, all of each remaining payment you receive is fully taxable. Irs 1040 ez Once your remaining payments are fully taxable, there is no longer a concern with the General Rule or Simplified Method. Irs 1040 ez   Complete information on the General Rule, including the actuarial tables you need, is contained in Publication 939, General Rule for Pensions and Annuities. Irs 1040 ez How to use the Simplified Method. Irs 1040 ez   Complete the Simplified Method Worksheet in the Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040NR instructions or in Publication 575 to figure your taxable annuity for 2013. Irs 1040 ez Be sure to keep the completed worksheet; it will help you figure your taxable annuity next year. Irs 1040 ez   To complete line 3 of the worksheet, you must determine the total number of expected monthly payments for your annuity. Irs 1040 ez How you do this depends on whether the annuity is for a single life, multiple lives, or a fixed period. Irs 1040 ez For this purpose, treat an annuity that is payable over the life of an annuitant as payable for that annuitant's life even if the annuity has a fixed-period feature or also provides a temporary annuity payable to the annuitant's child under age 25. Irs 1040 ez    You do not need to complete line 3 of the worksheet or make the computation on line 4 if you received annuity payments last year and used last year's worksheet to figure your taxable annuity. Irs 1040 ez Instead, enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 of this year's worksheet. Irs 1040 ez Single-life annuity. Irs 1040 ez   If your annuity is payable for your life alone, use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. Irs 1040 ez Enter on line 3 the number shown for your age on your annuity starting date. Irs 1040 ez This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. Irs 1040 ez Multiple-lives annuity. Irs 1040 ez   If your annuity is payable for the lives of more than one annuitant, use Table 2 at the bottom of the worksheet to determine the total number of expected monthly payments. Irs 1040 ez Enter on line 3 the number shown for the annuitants' combined ages on the annuity starting date. Irs 1040 ez For an annuity payable to you as the primary annuitant and to more than one survivor annuitant, combine your age and the age of the youngest survivor annuitant. Irs 1040 ez For an annuity that has no primary annuitant and is payable to you and others as survivor annuitants, combine the ages of the oldest and youngest annuitants. Irs 1040 ez Do not treat as a survivor annuitant anyone whose entitlement to payments depends on an event other than the primary annuitant's death. Irs 1040 ez   However, if your annuity starting date is before 1998, do not use Table 2 and do not combine the annuitants' ages. Irs 1040 ez Instead, you must use Table 1 at the bottom of the worksheet and enter on line 3 the number shown for the primary annuitant's age on the annuity starting date. Irs 1040 ez This number will differ depending on whether your annuity starting date is before November 19, 1996, or after November 18, 1996. Irs 1040 ez Fixed-period annuities. Irs 1040 ez   If your annuity does not depend in whole or in part on anyone's life expectancy, the total number of expected monthly payments to enter on line 3 of the worksheet is the number of monthly annuity payments under the contract. Irs 1040 ez Line 6. Irs 1040 ez   The amount on line 6 should include all amounts that could have been recovered in prior years. Irs 1040 ez If you did not recover an amount in a prior year, you may be able to amend your returns for the affected years. Irs 1040 ez    Be sure to keep a copy of the completed worksheet; it will help you figure your taxable annuity in later years. Irs 1040 ez Example. Irs 1040 ez Bill Smith, age 65, began receiving retirement benefits in 2013, under a joint and survivor annuity. Irs 1040 ez Bill's annuity starting date is January 1, 2013. Irs 1040 ez The benefits are to be paid over the joint lives of Bill and his wife, Kathy, age 65. Irs 1040 ez Bill had contributed $31,000 to a qualified plan and had received no distributions before the annuity starting date. Irs 1040 ez Bill is to receive a retirement benefit of $1,200 a month, and Kathy is to receive a monthly survivor benefit of $600 upon Bill's death. Irs 1040 ez Bill must use the Simplified Method to figure his taxable annuity because his payments are from a qualified plan and he is under age 75. Irs 1040 ez See the illustrated Worksheet 2-A, Simplified Method Worksheet, later. Irs 1040 ez You can find a blank version of this worksheet in Publication 575. Irs 1040 ez (The references in the illustrated worksheet are to sections in Publication 575). Irs 1040 ez His annuity is payable over the lives of more than one annuitant, so Bill uses his and Kathy's combined ages, 130 (65 + 65), and Table 2 at the bottom of the worksheet in completing line 3 of the worksheet and finds the line 3 amount to be 310. Irs 1040 ez Bill's tax-free monthly amount is $100 ($31,000 ÷ 310 as shown on line 4 of the worksheet). Irs 1040 ez Upon Bill's death, if Bill has not recovered the full $31,000 investment, Kathy will also exclude $100 from her $600 monthly payment. Irs 1040 ez The full amount of any annuity payments received after 310 payments are paid must generally be included in gross income. Irs 1040 ez If Bill and Kathy die before 310 payments are made, a miscellaneous itemized deduction will be allowed for the unrecovered cost on the final income tax return of the last to die. Irs 1040 ez This deduction is not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit. Irs 1040 ez Worksheet 2-A. Irs 1040 ez Simplified Method Worksheet—Illustrated 1. Irs 1040 ez Enter the total pension or annuity payments received this year. Irs 1040 ez Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a 1. Irs 1040 ez $ 14,400 2. Irs 1040 ez Enter your cost in the plan (contract) at the annuity starting date plus any death benefit exclusion* See Cost (Investment in the Contract), earlier 2. Irs 1040 ez 31,000   Note. Irs 1040 ez If your annuity starting date was before this year and you completed this worksheet last year, skip line 3 and enter the amount from line 4 of last year's worksheet on line 4 below (even if the amount of your pension or annuity has changed). Irs 1040 ez Otherwise, go to line 3. Irs 1040 ez     3. Irs 1040 ez Enter the appropriate number from Table 1 below. Irs 1040 ez But if your annuity starting date was after 1997 and the payments are for your life and that of your beneficiary, enter the appropriate number from Table 2 below 3. Irs 1040 ez 310 4. Irs 1040 ez Divide line 2 by the number on line 3 4. Irs 1040 ez 100 5. Irs 1040 ez Multiply line 4 by the number of months for which this year's payments were made. Irs 1040 ez If your annuity starting date was before 1987, enter this amount on line 8 below and skip lines 6, 7, 10, and 11. Irs 1040 ez Otherwise, go to line 6 5. Irs 1040 ez 1,200 6. Irs 1040 ez Enter any amount previously recovered tax free in years after 1986. Irs 1040 ez This is the amount shown on line 10 of your worksheet for last year 6. Irs 1040 ez 0 7. Irs 1040 ez Subtract line 6 from line 2 7. Irs 1040 ez 31,000 8. Irs 1040 ez Enter the smaller of line 5 or line 7 8. Irs 1040 ez 1,200 9. Irs 1040 ez Taxable amount for year. Irs 1040 ez Subtract line 8 from line 1. Irs 1040 ez Enter the result, but not less than zero. Irs 1040 ez Also, add this amount to the total for Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. Irs 1040 ez Note. Irs 1040 ez If your Form 1099-R shows a larger taxable amount, use the amount figured on this line instead. Irs 1040 ez If you are a retired public safety officer, see Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers, earlier, before entering an amount on your tax return. Irs 1040 ez 9. Irs 1040 ez $ 13,200 10. Irs 1040 ez Was your annuity starting date before 1987? □ Yes. Irs 1040 ez STOP. Irs 1040 ez Do not complete the rest of this worksheet. Irs 1040 ez  ☑ No. Irs 1040 ez Add lines 6 and 8. Irs 1040 ez This is the amount you have recovered tax free through 2013. Irs 1040 ez You will need this number if you need to fill out this worksheet next year. Irs 1040 ez 10. Irs 1040 ez 1,200 11. Irs 1040 ez Balance of cost to be recovered. Irs 1040 ez Subtract line 10 from line 2. Irs 1040 ez If zero, you will not have to complete this worksheet next year. Irs 1040 ez The payments you receive next year will generally be fully taxable 11. Irs 1040 ez $ 29,800 * A death benefit exclusion (up to $5,000) applied to certain benefits received by employees who died before August 21, 1996. Irs 1040 ez   Table 1 for Line 3 Above       AND your annuity starting date was—   IF your age on your annuity starting date was . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez   BEFORE November 19, 1996, enter on line 3 . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez AFTER November 18, 1996, enter on line 3 . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez   55 or under 300 360   56-60 260 310   61-65 240 260   66-70 170 210   71 or over 120 160 Table 2 for Line 3 Above   IF the annuitants' combined ages on your annuity starting date were . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez   THEN enter on line 3 . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez . Irs 1040 ez         110 or under   410         111-120   360         121-130   310         131-140   260         141 or over   210       Survivors of retirees. Irs 1040 ez   Benefits paid to you as a survivor under a joint and survivor annuity must be included in your gross income in the same way the retiree would have included them in gross income. Irs 1040 ez   If you receive a survivor annuity because of the death of a retiree who had reported the annuity under the Three-Year Rule, include the total received in your income. Irs 1040 ez The retiree's cost has already been recovered tax free. Irs 1040 ez   If the retiree was reporting the annuity payments under the General Rule, you must apply the same exclusion percentage the retiree used to your initial payment called for in the contract. Irs 1040 ez The resulting tax-free amount will then remain fixed. Irs 1040 ez Any increases in the survivor annuity are fully taxable. Irs 1040 ez   If the retiree was reporting the annuity payments under the Simplified Method, the part of each payment that is tax free is the same as the tax-free amount figured by the retiree at the annuity starting date. Irs 1040 ez See Simplified Method , earlier. Irs 1040 ez How to report. Irs 1040 ez   If you file Form 1040, report your total annuity on line 16a, and the taxable part on line 16b. Irs 1040 ez If your pension or annuity is fully taxable, enter it on line 16b. Irs 1040 ez Do not make an entry on line 16a. Irs 1040 ez   If you file Form 1040A, report your total annuity on line 12a, and the taxable part on line 12b. Irs 1040 ez If your pension or annuity is fully taxable, enter it on line 12b. Irs 1040 ez Do not make an entry on line 12a. Irs 1040 ez   If you file Form 1040NR, report your total annuity on line 17a, and the taxable part on line 17b. Irs 1040 ez If your pension or annuity is fully taxable, enter it on line 17b. Irs 1040 ez Do not make an entry on line 17a. Irs 1040 ez Example. Irs 1040 ez You are a Form 1040 filer and you received monthly payments totaling $1,200 (12 months x $100) during 2013 from a pension plan that was completely financed by your employer. Irs 1040 ez You had paid no tax on the payments that your employer made to the plan, and the payments were not used to pay for accident, health, or long-term care insurance premiums (as discussed later under Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers ). Irs 1040 ez The entire $1,200 is taxable. Irs 1040 ez You include $1,200 only on Form 1040, line 16b. Irs 1040 ez Joint return. Irs 1040 ez   If you file a joint return and you and your spouse each receive one or more pensions or annuities, report the total of the pensions and annuities on line 16a of Form 1040, line 12a of Form 1040A, or line 17a of Form 1040NR. Irs 1040 ez Report the total of the taxable parts on line 16b of Form 1040, line 12b of Form 1040A, or line 17b of Form 1040NR. Irs 1040 ez Form 1099-R. Irs 1040 ez   You should receive a Form 1099-R for your pension or annuity. Irs 1040 ez Form 1099-R shows your pension or annuity for the year and any income tax withheld. Irs 1040 ez You should receive a Form W-2 if you receive distributions from certain nonqualified plans. Irs 1040 ez You must attach Forms 1099-R or Forms W-2 to your 2013 tax return if federal income tax was withheld. Irs 1040 ez Generally, you should be sent these forms by January 31, 2014. Irs 1040 ez Nonperiodic Distributions If you receive a nonperiodic distribution from your retirement plan, you may be able to exclude all or part of it from your income as a recovery of your cost. Irs 1040 ez Nonperiodic distributions include cash withdrawals, distributions of current earnings (dividends) on your investment, and certain loans. Irs 1040 ez For information on how to figure the taxable amount of a nonperiodic distribution, see Taxation of Nonperiodic Payments in Publication 575. Irs 1040 ez The taxable part of a nonperiodic distribution may be subject to an additional 10% tax. Irs 1040 ez See Tax on Early Distributions, later. Irs 1040 ez Lump-sum distributions. Irs 1040 ez   If you receive a lump-sum distribution from a qualified employee plan or qualified employee annuity and the plan participant was born before January 2, 1936, you may be able to elect optional methods of figuring the tax on the distribution. Irs 1040 ez The part from active participation in the plan before 1974 may qualify as capital gain subject to a 20% tax rate. Irs 1040 ez The part from participation after 1973 (and any part from participation before 1974 that you do not report as capital gain) is ordinary income. Irs 1040 ez You may be able to use the 10-year tax option to figure tax on the ordinary income part. Irs 1040 ez Form 1099-R. Irs 1040 ez   If you receive a total distribution from a plan, you should receive a Form 1099-R. Irs 1040 ez If the distribution qualifies as a lump-sum distribution, box 3 shows the capital gain part of the distribution. Irs 1040 ez The amount in box 2a, Taxable amount, minus the amount in box 3, Capital gain, is the ordinary income part. Irs 1040 ez More information. Irs 1040 ez   For more detailed information on lump-sum distributions, see Publication 575 or Form 4972, Tax on Lump-Sum Distributions. Irs 1040 ez Tax on Early Distributions Most distributions you receive from your qualified retirement plan and nonqualified annuity contracts before you reach age 59½ are subject to an additional tax of 10%. Irs 1040 ez The tax applies to the taxable part of the distribution. Irs 1040 ez For this purpose, a qualified retirement plan is: A qualified employee plan (including a qualified cash or deferred arrangement (CODA) under Internal Revenue Code section 401(k)), A qualified employee annuity plan, A tax-sheltered annuity plan (403(b) plan), or An eligible state or local government section 457 deferred compensation plan (to the extent that any distribution is attributable to amounts the plan received in a direct transfer or rollover from one of the other plans listed here or an IRA). Irs 1040 ez  An IRA is also a qualified retirement plan for purposes of this tax. Irs 1040 ez General exceptions to tax. Irs 1040 ez   The early distribution tax does not apply to any distributions that are: Made as part of a series of substantially equal periodic payments (made at least annually) for your life (or life expectancy) or the joint lives (or joint life expectancies) of you and your designated beneficiary (if from a qualified retirement plan, the payments must begin after separation from service), Made because you are totally and permanently disabled, or Made on or after the death of the plan participant or contract holder. Irs 1040 ez Additional exceptions. Irs 1040 ez   There are additional exceptions to the early distribution tax for certain distributions from qualified retirement plans and nonqualified annuity contracts. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 575 for details. Irs 1040 ez Reporting tax. Irs 1040 ez   If you owe only the tax on early distributions and distribution code 1 (early distribution, no known exception) is correctly shown in Form 1099-R, box 7, multiply the taxable part of the early distribution by 10% (. Irs 1040 ez 10) and enter the result on Form 1040, line 58, or Form 1040NR, line 56. Irs 1040 ez See the instructions for line 58 of Form 1040 or line 56 of Form 1040NR for more information about reporting the early distribution tax. Irs 1040 ez Tax on Excess Accumulation To make sure that most of your retirement benefits are paid to you during your lifetime, rather than to your beneficiaries after your death, the payments that you receive from qualified retirement plans must begin no later than your required beginning date. Irs 1040 ez Unless the rule for 5% owners applies, this is generally April 1 of the year that follows the later of: The calendar year in which you reach age 70½, or The calendar year in which you retire from employment with the employer maintaining the plan. Irs 1040 ez However, your plan may require you to begin to receive payments by April 1 of the year that follows the year in which you reach 70½, even if you have not retired. Irs 1040 ez For this purpose, a qualified retirement plan includes: A qualified employee plan, A qualified employee annuity plan, An eligible section 457 deferred compensation plan, or A tax-sheltered annuity plan (403(b) plan) (for benefits accruing after 1986). Irs 1040 ez  An IRA is also a qualified retirement plan for purposes of this tax. Irs 1040 ez An excess accumulation is the undistributed remainder of the required minimum distribution that was left in your qualified retirement plan. Irs 1040 ez 5% owners. Irs 1040 ez   If you own (or are considered to own under section 318 of the Internal Revenue Code) more than 5% of the company maintaining your qualified retirement plan, you must begin to receive distributions from the plan by April 1 of the year after the calendar year in which you reach age 70½. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 575 for more information. Irs 1040 ez Amount of tax. Irs 1040 ez   If you do not receive the required minimum distribution, you are subject to an additional tax. Irs 1040 ez The tax equals 50% of the difference between the amount that must be distributed and the amount that was distributed during the tax year. Irs 1040 ez You can get this excise tax excused if you establish that the shortfall in distributions was due to reasonable error and that you are taking reasonable steps to remedy the shortfall. Irs 1040 ez Form 5329. Irs 1040 ez   You must file a Form 5329 if you owe a tax because you did not receive a minimum required distribution from your qualified retirement plan. Irs 1040 ez Additional information. Irs 1040 ez   For more detailed information on the tax on excess accumulation, see Publication 575. Irs 1040 ez Insurance Premiums for Retired Public Safety Officers If you are an eligible retired public safety officer (law enforcement officer, firefighter, chaplain, or member of a rescue squad or ambulance crew), you can elect to exclude from income distributions made from your eligible retirement plan that are used to pay the premiums for accident or health insurance or long-term care insurance. Irs 1040 ez The premiums can be for coverage for you, your spouse, or dependent(s). Irs 1040 ez The distribution must be made directly from the plan to the insurance provider. Irs 1040 ez You can exclude from income the smaller of the amount of the insurance premiums or $3,000. Irs 1040 ez You can only make this election for amounts that would otherwise be included in your income. Irs 1040 ez The amount excluded from your income cannot be used to claim a medical expense deduction. Irs 1040 ez An eligible retirement plan is a governmental plan that is a: Qualified trust, Section 403(a) plan, Section 403(b) annuity, or Section 457(b) plan. Irs 1040 ez If you make this election, reduce the otherwise taxable amount of your pension or annuity by the amount excluded. Irs 1040 ez The taxable amount shown in box 2a of any Form 1099-R that you receive does not reflect the exclusion. Irs 1040 ez Report your total distributions on Form 1040, line 16a; Form 1040A, line 12a; or Form 1040NR, line 17a. Irs 1040 ez Report the taxable amount on Form 1040, line 16b; Form 1040A, line 12b; or Form 1040NR, line 17b. Irs 1040 ez Enter “PSO” next to the appropriate line on which you report the taxable amount. Irs 1040 ez Railroad Retirement Benefits Benefits paid under the Railroad Retirement Act fall into two categories. Irs 1040 ez These categories are treated differently for income tax purposes. Irs 1040 ez Social security equivalent benefits. Irs 1040 ez   The first category is the amount of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits that equals the social security benefit that a railroad employee or beneficiary would have been entitled to receive under the social security system. Irs 1040 ez This part of the tier 1 benefit is the social security equivalent benefit (SSEB) and is treated for tax purposes like social security benefits. Irs 1040 ez (See Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits , later. Irs 1040 ez ) Non-social security equivalent benefits. Irs 1040 ez   The second category contains the rest of the tier 1 benefits, called the non-social security equivalent benefit (NSSEB). Irs 1040 ez It also contains any tier 2 benefit, vested dual benefit (VDB), and supplemental annuity benefit. Irs 1040 ez This category of benefits is treated as an amount received from a qualified employee plan. Irs 1040 ez This allows for the tax-free (nontaxable) recovery of employee contributions from the tier 2 benefits and the NSSEB part of the tier 1 benefits. Irs 1040 ez Vested dual benefits and supplemental annuity benefits are non-contributory pensions and are fully taxable. Irs 1040 ez More information. Irs 1040 ez   For more information about railroad retirement benefits, see Publication 575. Irs 1040 ez Military Retirement Pay Military retirement pay based on age or length of service is taxable and must be included in income as a pension on Form 1040, lines 16a and 16b; on Form 1040A, lines 12a and 12b; or on Form 1040NR, lines 17a and 17b. Irs 1040 ez But, certain military and government disability pensions that are based on a percentage of disability from active service in the Armed Forces of any country generally are not taxable. Irs 1040 ez For more information, including information about veterans' benefits and insurance, see Publication 525. Irs 1040 ez Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits This discussion explains the federal income tax rules for social security benefits and equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Irs 1040 ez Social security benefits include monthly retirement, survivor, and disability benefits. Irs 1040 ez They do not include supplemental security income (SSI) payments, which are not taxable. Irs 1040 ez Equivalent tier 1 railroad retirement benefits are the part of tier 1 benefits that a railroad employee or beneficiary would have been entitled to receive under the social security system. Irs 1040 ez They commonly are called the social security equivalent benefit (SSEB) portion of tier 1 benefits. Irs 1040 ez If you received these benefits during 2013, you should have received a Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099 (Form SSA-1042S or Form RRB-1042S if you are a nonresident alien), showing the amount of the benefits. Irs 1040 ez Are Any of Your Benefits Taxable? Note. Irs 1040 ez When the term “benefits” is used in this section, it applies to both social security benefits and the SSEB portion of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Irs 1040 ez  To find out whether any of your benefits may be taxable, compare the base amount for your filing status (explained later) with the total of: One-half of your benefits, plus All your other income, including tax-exempt interest. Irs 1040 ez When making this comparison, do not reduce your other income by any exclusions for: Interest from qualified U. Irs 1040 ez S. Irs 1040 ez savings bonds, Employer-provided adoption benefits, Foreign earned income or foreign housing, or Income earned in American Samoa or Puerto Rico by bona fide residents. Irs 1040 ez Figuring total income. Irs 1040 ez   To figure the total of one-half of your benefits plus your other income, use Worksheet 2-B. Irs 1040 ez If that total amount is more than your base amount, part of your benefits may be taxable. Irs 1040 ez If you are married and file a joint return for 2013, you and your spouse must combine your incomes and your benefits to figure whether any of your combined benefits are taxable. Irs 1040 ez Even if your spouse did not receive any benefits, you must add your spouse's income to yours to figure whether any of your benefits are taxable. Irs 1040 ez If the only income you received during 2013 was your social security or the SSEB portion of tier 1 railroad retirement benefits, your benefits generally are not taxable and you probably do not have to file a return. Irs 1040 ez If you have income in addition to your benefits, you may have to file a return even if none of your benefits are taxable. Irs 1040 ez Worksheet 2-B. Irs 1040 ez A Quick Way To Check if Your Benefits May Be Taxable A. Irs 1040 ez Enter the amount from box 5 of all your Forms SSA-1099 and RRB-1099. Irs 1040 ez Include  the full amount of any lump-sum benefit payments received in 2013, for 2013 and  earlier years. Irs 1040 ez (If you received more than one form, combine the amounts from box 5  and enter the total. Irs 1040 ez ) A. Irs 1040 ez     Note. Irs 1040 ez If the amount on line A is zero or less, stop here; none of your benefits are  taxable this year. Irs 1040 ez     B. Irs 1040 ez Enter one-half of the amount on line A B. Irs 1040 ez   C. Irs 1040 ez Enter your taxable pensions, wages, interest, dividends, and other taxable income C. Irs 1040 ez   D. Irs 1040 ez Enter any tax-exempt interest income (such as interest on municipal bonds) plus any exclusions from income for: •Interest from qualified U. Irs 1040 ez S. Irs 1040 ez savings bonds, •Employer-provided adoption benefits, •Foreign earned income or foreign housing, or •Income earned in American Samoa or Puerto Rico by bona fide residents D. Irs 1040 ez   E. Irs 1040 ez Add lines B, C, and D and enter the total E. Irs 1040 ez   F. Irs 1040 ez If you are: •Married filing jointly, enter $32,000 •Single, head of household, qualifying widow(er), or married filing separately and you  lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, enter $25,000 •Married filing separately and you lived with your spouse at any time during 2013,  enter -0- F. Irs 1040 ez   G. Irs 1040 ez Is the amount on line F less than or equal to the amount on line E? □ No. Irs 1040 ez None of your benefits are taxable this year. Irs 1040 ez  □ Yes. Irs 1040 ez Some of your benefits may be taxable. Irs 1040 ez To figure how much of your benefits  are taxable, see Which worksheet to use under How Much Is Taxable. Irs 1040 ez     Base Amount Your base amount is: $25,000 if you are single, head of household, or qualifying widow(er) with dependent child, $25,000 if you are married filing separately and lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, $32,000 if you are married filing jointly, or $0 if you are married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during 2013. Irs 1040 ez Repayment of Benefits Any repayment of benefits you made during 2013 must be subtracted from the gross benefits you received in 2013. Irs 1040 ez It does not matter whether the repayment was for a benefit you received in 2013 or in an earlier year. Irs 1040 ez If you repaid more than the gross benefits you received in 2013, see Repayments More Than Gross Benefits , later. Irs 1040 ez Your gross benefits are shown in box 3 of Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099. Irs 1040 ez Your repayments are shown in box 4. Irs 1040 ez The amount in box 5 shows your net benefits for 2013 (box 3 minus box 4). Irs 1040 ez Use the amount in box 5 to figure whether any of your benefits are taxable. Irs 1040 ez Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax You can choose to have federal income tax withheld from your social security and/or the SSEB portion of your tier 1 railroad retirement benefits. Irs 1040 ez If you choose to do this, you must complete a Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request. Irs 1040 ez If you do not choose to have income tax withheld, you may have to request additional withholding from other income, or pay estimated tax during the year. Irs 1040 ez For details, see Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax, or the instructions for Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals. Irs 1040 ez How Much Is Taxable? If part of your benefits is taxable, how much is taxable depends on the total amount of your benefits and other income. Irs 1040 ez Generally, the higher that total amount, the greater the taxable part of your benefits. Irs 1040 ez Maximum taxable part. Irs 1040 ez   The taxable part of your benefits usually cannot be more than 50%. Irs 1040 ez However, up to 85% of your benefits can be taxable if either of the following situations applies to you. Irs 1040 ez The total of one-half of your benefits and all your other income is more than $34,000 ($44,000 if you are married filing jointly). Irs 1040 ez You are married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during 2013. Irs 1040 ez   If you are a nonresident alien, 85% of your benefits are taxable. Irs 1040 ez However, this income is exempt under some tax treaties. Irs 1040 ez Which worksheet to use. Irs 1040 ez   A worksheet to figure your taxable benefits is in the instructions for your Form 1040 or 1040A. Irs 1040 ez However, you will need to use a different worksheet(s) if any of the following situations applies to you. Irs 1040 ez You contributed to a traditional individual retirement arrangement (IRA) and you or your spouse were covered by a retirement plan at work. Irs 1040 ez In this situation, you must use the special worksheets in Appendix B of Publication 590 to figure both your IRA deduction and your taxable benefits. Irs 1040 ez Situation (1) does not apply and you take one or more of the following exclusions. Irs 1040 ez Interest from qualified U. Irs 1040 ez S. Irs 1040 ez savings bonds (Form 8815). Irs 1040 ez Employer-provided adoption benefits (Form 8839). Irs 1040 ez Foreign earned income or housing (Form 2555 or Form 2555-EZ). Irs 1040 ez Income earned in American Samoa (Form 4563) or Puerto Rico by bona fide residents. Irs 1040 ez In these situations, you must use Worksheet 1 in Publication 915, Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, to figure your taxable benefits. Irs 1040 ez You received a lump-sum payment for an earlier year. Irs 1040 ez In this situation, also complete Worksheet 2 or 3 and Worksheet 4 in Publication 915. Irs 1040 ez See Lump-Sum Election , later. Irs 1040 ez How To Report Your Benefits If part of your benefits are taxable, you must use Form 1040, Form 1040A, or Form 1040NR. Irs 1040 ez You cannot use Form 1040EZ. Irs 1040 ez Reporting on Form 1040. Irs 1040 ez   Report your net benefits (the amount in box 5 of your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099) on line 20a and the taxable part on line 20b. Irs 1040 ez If you are married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, also enter “D” to the right of the word “benefits” on line 20a. Irs 1040 ez Reporting on Form 1040A. Irs 1040 ez   Report your net benefits (the amount in box 5 of your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099) on line 14a and the taxable part on line 14b. Irs 1040 ez If you are married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, also enter “D” to the right of the word “benefits” on line 14a. Irs 1040 ez Reporting on Form 1040NR. Irs 1040 ez   Report 85% of the total amount of your benefits (box 5 of your Form SSA-1042S or Form RRB-1042S) in the appropriate column of Form 1040NR, Schedule NEC, line 8. Irs 1040 ez Benefits not taxable. Irs 1040 ez   If you are filing Form 1040EZ, do not report any benefits on your tax return. Irs 1040 ez If you are filing Form 1040 or Form 1040A, report your net benefits (the amount in box 5 of your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099) on Form 1040, line 20a, or Form 1040A, line 14a. Irs 1040 ez Enter -0- on Form 1040, line 20b, or Form 1040A, line 14b. Irs 1040 ez If you are married filing separately and you lived apart from your spouse for all of 2013, also enter “D” to the right of the word “benefits” on Form 1040, line 20a, or Form 1040A, line 14a. Irs 1040 ez Lump-Sum Election You must include the taxable part of a lump-sum (retroactive) payment of benefits received in 2013 in your 2013 income, even if the payment includes benefits for an earlier year. Irs 1040 ez This type of lump-sum benefit payment should not be confused with the lump-sum death benefit that both the SSA and RRB pay to many of their beneficiaries. Irs 1040 ez No part of the lump-sum death benefit is subject to tax. Irs 1040 ez For more information about the lump-sum death benefit, visit the Social Security Administration website at www. Irs 1040 ez SSA. Irs 1040 ez gov, and use keyword: death benefit. Irs 1040 ez Generally, you use your 2013 income to figure the taxable part of the total benefits received in 2013. Irs 1040 ez However, you may be able to figure the taxable part of a lump-sum payment for an earlier year separately, using your income for the earlier year. Irs 1040 ez You can elect this method if it lowers your taxable benefits. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 915 for more information. Irs 1040 ez Repayments More Than Gross Benefits In some situations, your Form SSA-1099 or Form RRB-1099 will show that the total benefits you repaid (box 4) are more than the gross benefits (box 3) you received. Irs 1040 ez If this occurred, your net benefits in box 5 will be a negative figure (a figure in parentheses) and none of your benefits will be taxable. Irs 1040 ez If you receive more than one form, a negative figure in box 5 of one form is used to offset a positive figure in box 5 of another form for that same year. Irs 1040 ez If you have any questions about this negative figure, contact your local Social Security Administration office or your local U. Irs 1040 ez S. Irs 1040 ez Railroad Retirement Board field office. Irs 1040 ez Joint return. Irs 1040 ez   If you and your spouse file a joint return, and your Form SSA-1099 or RRB-1099 has a negative figure in box 5 but your spouse's does not, subtract the box 5 amount on your form from the box 5 amount on your spouse's form. Irs 1040 ez You do this to get your net benefits when figuring if your combined benefits are taxable. Irs 1040 ez Repayment of benefits received in an earlier year. Irs 1040 ez   If the total amount shown in box 5 of all of your Forms SSA-1099 and RRB-1099 is a negative figure, you can take an itemized deduction for the part of this negative figure that represents benefits you included in gross income in an earlier year. Irs 1040 ez   If this deduction is $3,000 or less, it is subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit that applies to certain miscellaneous itemized deductions. Irs 1040 ez Claim it on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 23. Irs 1040 ez   If this deduction is more than $3,000, you have to follow some special instructions. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 915 for those instructions. Irs 1040 ez Sickness and Injury Benefits Generally, you must report as income any amount you receive for personal injury or sickness through an accident or health plan that is paid for by your employer. Irs 1040 ez If both you and your employer pay for the plan, only the amount you receive that is due to your employer's payments is reported as income. Irs 1040 ez However, certain payments may not be taxable to you. Irs 1040 ez Some of these payments are discussed later in this section. Irs 1040 ez Also, see Military and Government Disability Pensions and Other Sickness and Injury Benefits in Publication 525. Irs 1040 ez Cost paid by you. Irs 1040 ez   If you pay the entire cost of an accident or health plan, do not include any amounts you receive from the plan for personal injury or sickness as income on your tax return. Irs 1040 ez If your plan reimbursed you for medical expenses you deducted in an earlier year, you may have to include some, or all, of the reimbursement in your income. Irs 1040 ez Disability Pensions If you retired on disability, you must include in income any disability pension you receive under a plan that is paid for by your employer. Irs 1040 ez You must report your taxable disability payments as wages on line 7 of Form 1040 or Form 1040A or on line 8 of Form 1040NR until you reach minimum retirement age. Irs 1040 ez Minimum retirement age generally is the age at which you can first receive a pension or annuity if you are not disabled. Irs 1040 ez If you were 65 or older by the end of 2013 or you were retired on permanent and total disability and received taxable disability income, you may be able to claim the credit for the elderly or the disabled. Irs 1040 ez See Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled, later. Irs 1040 ez For more information on this credit, see Publication 524, Credit for the Elderly or the Disabled. Irs 1040 ez Beginning on the day after you reach minimum retirement age, payments you receive are taxable as a pension or annuity. Irs 1040 ez Report the payments on lines 16a and 16b of Form 1040, on lines 12a and 12b of Form 1040A, or on lines 17a and 17b of Form 1040NR. Irs 1040 ez For more information on pensions and annuities, see Publication 575. Irs 1040 ez Retirement and profit-sharing plans. Irs 1040 ez   If you receive payments from a retirement or profit-sharing plan that does not provide for disability retirement, do not treat the payments as a disability pension. Irs 1040 ez The payments must be reported as a pension or annuity. Irs 1040 ez Accrued leave payment. Irs 1040 ez   If you retire on disability, any lump-sum payment you receive for accrued annual leave is a salary payment. Irs 1040 ez The payment is not a disability payment. Irs 1040 ez Include it in your income in the tax year you receive it. Irs 1040 ez Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts In most cases, long-term care insurance contracts generally are treated as accident and health insurance contracts. Irs 1040 ez Amounts you receive from them (other than policyholder dividends or premium refunds) generally are excludable from income as amounts received for personal injury or sickness. Irs 1040 ez However, the amount you can exclude may be limited. Irs 1040 ez Long-term care insurance contracts are discussed in more detail in Publication 525. Irs 1040 ez Workers' Compensation Amounts you receive as workers' compensation for an occupational sickness or injury are fully exempt from tax if they are paid under a workers' compensation act or a statute in the nature of a workers' compensation act. Irs 1040 ez The exemption also applies to your survivors. Irs 1040 ez The exemption, however, does not apply to retirement plan benefits you receive based on your age, length of service, or prior contributions to the plan, even if you retired because of an occupational sickness or injury. Irs 1040 ez If part of your workers' compensation reduces your social security or equivalent railroad retirement benefits, that part is considered social security (or equivalent railroad retirement) benefits and may be taxable. Irs 1040 ez For a discussion of the taxability of these benefits, see Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, earlier. Irs 1040 ez Return to work. Irs 1040 ez   If you return to work after qualifying for workers' compensation, salary payments you receive for performing light duties are taxable as wages. Irs 1040 ez Other Sickness and Injury Benefits In addition to disability pensions and annuities, you may receive other payments for sickness or injury. Irs 1040 ez Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA). Irs 1040 ez   Payments received under this Act for personal injury or sickness, including payments to beneficiaries in case of death, are not taxable. Irs 1040 ez However, you are taxed on amounts you receive under this Act as continuation of pay for up to 45 days while a claim is being decided. Irs 1040 ez Report this income on Form 1040, line 7; Form 1040A, line 7; on Form 1040EZ, line 1; or Form 1040NR, line 8. Irs 1040 ez Also, pay for sick leave while a claim is being processed is taxable and must be included in your income as wages. Irs 1040 ez    If part of the payments you receive under FECA reduces your social security or equivalent railroad retirement benefits, that part is considered social security (or equivalent railroad retirement) benefits and may be taxable. Irs 1040 ez For a discussion of the taxability of these benefits, see Social Security and Equivalent Railroad Retirement Benefits, earlier. Irs 1040 ez Other compensation. Irs 1040 ez   Many other amounts you receive as compensation for sickness or injury are not taxable. Irs 1040 ez These include the following amounts. Irs 1040 ez Benefits you receive under an accident or health insurance policy on which either you paid the premiums or your employer paid the premiums but you had to include them in your income. Irs 1040 ez Disability benefits you receive for loss of income or earning capacity as a result of injuries under a no-fault car insurance policy. Irs 1040 ez Compensation you receive for permanent loss or loss of use of a part or function of your body, for your permanent disfigurement, or for such loss or disfigurement suffered by your spouse or dependent(s). Irs 1040 ez This compensation must be based only on the injury and not on the period of your absence from work. Irs 1040 ez These benefits are not taxable even if your employer pays for the accident and health plan that provides these benefits. Irs 1040 ez Life Insurance Proceeds Life insurance proceeds paid to you because of the death of the insured person are not taxable unless the policy was turned over to you for a price. Irs 1040 ez This is true even if the proceeds were paid under an accident or health insurance policy or an endowment contract. Irs 1040 ez Proceeds not received in installments. Irs 1040 ez   If death benefits are paid to you in a lump sum or other than at regular intervals, include in your income only the benefits that are more than the amount payable to you at the time of the insured person's death. Irs 1040 ez If the benefit payable at death is not specified, you include in your income the benefit payments that are more than the present value of the payments at the time of death. Irs 1040 ez Proceeds received in installments. Irs 1040 ez   If you receive life insurance proceeds in installments, you can exclude part of each installment from your income. Irs 1040 ez   To determine the excluded part, divide the amount held by the insurance company (generally the total lump sum payable at the death of the insured person) by the number of installments to be paid. Irs 1040 ez Include anything over this excluded part in your income as interest. Irs 1040 ez Installments for life. Irs 1040 ez   If, as the beneficiary under an insurance contract, you are entitled to receive the proceeds in installments for the rest of your life without a refund or period-certain guarantee, you figure the excluded part of each installment by dividing the amount held by the insurance company by your life expectancy. Irs 1040 ez If there is a refund or period-certain guarantee, the amount held by the insurance company for this purpose is reduced by the actuarial value of the guarantee. Irs 1040 ez Surviving spouse. Irs 1040 ez   If your spouse died before October 23, 1986, and insurance proceeds paid to you because of the death of your spouse are received in installments, you can exclude, in any year, up to $1,000 of the interest included in the installments. Irs 1040 ez If you remarry, you can continue to take the exclusion. Irs 1040 ez Surrender of policy for cash. Irs 1040 ez   If you surrender a life insurance policy for cash, you must include in income any proceeds that are more than the cost of the life insurance policy. Irs 1040 ez In general, your cost (or investment in the contract) is the total of premiums that you paid for the life insurance policy, less any refunded premiums, rebates, dividends, or unrepaid loans that were not included in your income. Irs 1040 ez You should receive a Form 1099-R showing the total proceeds and the taxable part. Irs 1040 ez Report these amounts on Form 1040, lines 16a and 16b; Form 1040A, lines 12a and 12b; or Form 1040NR, lines 17a and 17b. Irs 1040 ez Endowment Contract Proceeds An endowment contract is a policy that pays over to you a specified amount of money on a certain date unless you die before that date, in which case, the money is paid to your designated beneficiary. Irs 1040 ez Endowment proceeds paid in a lump sum to you at maturity are taxable only if the proceeds are more than the cost of the policy. Irs 1040 ez To determine your cost, subtract from the total premiums (or other consideration) paid for the contract any amount that you previously received under the contract and excluded from your income. Irs 1040 ez Include in your income the part of the lump-sum payment that is more than your cost. Irs 1040 ez Endowment proceeds that you choose to receive in installments instead of a lump-sum payment at the maturity of the policy are taxed as an annuity. Irs 1040 ez The tax treatment of an annuity is explained in Publication 575. Irs 1040 ez For this treatment to apply, you must choose to receive the proceeds in installments before receiving any part of the lump sum. Irs 1040 ez This election must be made within 60 days after the lump-sum payment first becomes payable to you. Irs 1040 ez Accelerated Death Benefits Certain amounts paid as accelerated death benefits under a life insurance contract or viatical settlement before the insured's death are generally excluded from income if the insured is terminally or chronically ill. Irs 1040 ez However, see Exception , later. Irs 1040 ez For a chronically ill individual, accelerated death benefits paid on the basis of costs incurred for qualified long-term care services are fully excludable. Irs 1040 ez Accelerated death benefits paid on a per diem or other periodic basis without regard to the costs are excludable up to a limit. Irs 1040 ez In addition, if any portion of a death benefit under a life insurance contract on the life of a terminally or chronically ill individual is sold or assigned to a viatical settlement provider, the amount received also is excluded from income. Irs 1040 ez Generally, a viatical settlement provider is one who regularly engages in the business of buying or taking assignment of life insurance contracts on the lives of insured individuals who are terminally or chronically ill. Irs 1040 ez To report taxable accelerated death benefits made on a per diem or other periodic basis, you must file Form 8853, Archer MSAs and Long-Term Care Insurance Contracts, with your return. Irs 1040 ez Terminally or chronically ill defined. Irs 1040 ez   A terminally ill person is one who has been certified by a physician as having an illness or physical condition that reasonably can be expected to result in death within 24 months from the date of the certification. Irs 1040 ez A chronically ill person is one who is not terminally ill but has been certified (within the previous 12 months) by a licensed health care practitioner as meeting either of the following conditions. Irs 1040 ez The person is unable to perform (without substantial help) at least two activities of daily living (eating, toileting, transferring, bathing, dressing, and continence) for a period of 90 days or more because of a loss of functional capacity. Irs 1040 ez The person requires substantial supervision to protect himself or herself from threats to health and safety due to severe cognitive impairment. Irs 1040 ez Exception. Irs 1040 ez   The exclusion does not apply to any amount paid to a person other than the insured if that other person has an insurable interest in the life of the insured because the insured: Is a director, officer, or employee of the other person, or Has a financial interest in the business of the other person. Irs 1040 ez Sale of Home You may be able to exclude from income any gain up to $250,000 ($500,000 on a joint return in most cases) on the sale of your main home. Irs 1040 ez Generally, if you can exclude all of the gain, you do not need to report the sale on your tax return. Irs 1040 ez You can choose not to take the exclusion by including the gain from the sale in your gross income on your tax return for the year of the sale. Irs 1040 ez Main home. Irs 1040 ez   Usually, your main home is the home you live in most of the time and can be a: House, Houseboat, Mobile home, Cooperative apartment, or Condominium. Irs 1040 ez Repaying the first-time homebuyer credit because you sold your home. Irs 1040 ez   If you claimed a first-time homebuyer credit for your main home and you sell it, you may have to repay the credit. Irs 1040 ez For a home purchased in 2008 and used as your main home until sold in 2013, you must file Form 5405 and repay the balance of the unpaid credit on your 2013 tax return. Irs 1040 ez   For a home purchased after 2008, you generally must repay the entire credit if the home was sold (or otherwise ceased to be your main home) within 36 months of the purchase date. Irs 1040 ez If you purchased your home in 2009 and used it as your main home until sold in 2013, you do not have to repay the credit or file Form 5405. Irs 1040 ez If you purchased your home in 2010 and used it as your main home until sold in 2013, you may have to file Form 5405 and repay the entire credit on your 2013 tax return. Irs 1040 ez   See the Instructions for Form 5405 for more information about repaying the credit and exceptions to repayment that may apply to you. Irs 1040 ez Maximum Amount of Exclusion You can generally exclude up to $250,000 of the gain (other than gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use) on the sale of your main home if all of the following are true. Irs 1040 ez You meet the ownership test. Irs 1040 ez You meet the use test. Irs 1040 ez During the 2-year period ending on the date of the sale, you did not exclude gain from the sale of another home. Irs 1040 ez You may be able to exclude up to $500,000 of the gain (other than gain allocated to periods of nonqualified use) on the sale of your main home if you are married and file a joint return and meet the requirements listed in the discussion of the special rules for joint returns, later, under Married Persons . Irs 1040 ez Ownership and Use Tests To claim the exclusion, you must meet the ownership and use tests. Irs 1040 ez This means that during the 5-year period ending on the date of the sale, you must have: Owned the home for at least 2 years (the ownership test), and Lived in the home as your main home for at least 2 years (the use test). Irs 1040 ez Exception to ownership and use tests. Irs 1040 ez   If you owned and lived in the property as your main home for less than 2 years, you still can claim an exclusion in some cases. Irs 1040 ez Generally, you must have sold the home due to a change in place of employment, health, or unforeseen circumstances. Irs 1040 ez The maximum amount you can exclude will be reduced. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 523, Selling Your Home, for more information. Irs 1040 ez Exception to use test for individuals with a disability. Irs 1040 ez   There is an exception to the use test if, during the 5-year period before the sale of your home: You become physically or mentally unable to care for yourself, and You owned and lived in your home as your main home for a total of at least 1 year. Irs 1040 ez Under this exception, you are considered to live in your home during any time that you own the home and live in a facility (including a nursing home) that is licensed by a state or political subdivision to care for persons in your condition. Irs 1040 ez   If you meet this exception to the use test, you still have to meet the 2-out-of-5-year ownership test to claim the exclusion. Irs 1040 ez Exception to ownership test for property acquired in a like-kind exchange. Irs 1040 ez   You must have owned your main home for at least 5 years to qualify for the exclusion if you acquired your main home in a like-kind exchange. Irs 1040 ez This special 5-year ownership rule continues to apply to a home you acquired in a like-kind exchange and gave to another person. Irs 1040 ez A like-kind exchange is an exchange of property held for productive use in a trade or business or for investment. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 523 for more information. Irs 1040 ez Period of nonqualified use. Irs 1040 ez   Generally, the gain from the sale or exchange of your main home will not qualify for the exclusion to the extent that the gain is allocated to periods of nonqualified use. Irs 1040 ez Nonqualified use is any period after December 31, 2008, during which the property is not used as the main home. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 523 for more information. Irs 1040 ez Married Persons In the special situations discussed below, if you and your spouse file a joint return for the year of sale and one spouse meets the ownership and use test, you can exclude up to $250,000 of gain. Irs 1040 ez However, see Special rules for joint returns , next. Irs 1040 ez Special rules for joint returns. Irs 1040 ez   You can exclude up to $500,000 of the gain on the sale of your main home if all of the following are true. Irs 1040 ez You are married and file a joint return for the year. Irs 1040 ez Either you or your spouse meets the ownership test. Irs 1040 ez Both you and your spouse meet the use test. Irs 1040 ez During the 2-year period ending on the date of the sale, neither you nor your spouse exclude gain from the sale of another home. Irs 1040 ez Sale of home by surviving spouse. Irs 1040 ez   If your spouse died and you did not remarry before the date of sale, you are considered to have owned and lived in the property as your main home during any period of time when your spouse owned and lived in it as a main home. Irs 1040 ez   If you meet all of the following requirements, you may qualify to exclude up to $500,000 of any gain from the sale or exchange of your main home in 2013. Irs 1040 ez The sale or exchange took place no more than 2 years after the date of death of your spouse. Irs 1040 ez You have not remarried. Irs 1040 ez You and your spouse met the use test at the time of your spouse's death. Irs 1040 ez You or your spouse met the ownership test at the time of your spouse's death. Irs 1040 ez Neither you nor your spouse excluded gain from the sale of another home during the last 2 years. Irs 1040 ez Home transferred from spouse. Irs 1040 ez   If your home was transferred to you by your spouse (or former spouse if the transfer was incident to divorce), you are considered to have owned it during any period of time when your spouse owned it. Irs 1040 ez Use of home after divorce. Irs 1040 ez   You are considered to have used property as your main home during any period when: You owned it, and Your spouse or former spouse is allowed to live in it under a divorce or separation instrument and uses it as his or her main home. Irs 1040 ez Business Use or Rental of Home You may be able to exclude gain from the sale of a home that you have used for business or to produce rental income. Irs 1040 ez However, you must meet the ownership and use tests. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 523 for more information. Irs 1040 ez Depreciation after May 6, 1997. Irs 1040 ez   If you were entitled to take depreciation deductions because you used your home for business purposes or as rental property, you cannot exclude the part of your gain equal to any depreciation allowed or allowable as a deduction for periods after May 6, 1997. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 523 for more information. Irs 1040 ez Reporting the Sale Do not report the 2013 sale of your main home on your tax return unless: You have a gain and you do not qualify to exclude all of it, You have a gain and you choose not to exclude it, or You received Form 1099-S. Irs 1040 ez If you have a gain that you cannot or choose not to exclude, if you received a Form 1099-S, or if you have a deductible loss, report the sale on your tax return. Irs 1040 ez Report the sale on Part I or Part II of Form 8949 as a short-term or long-term transaction, depending on how long you owned the home. Irs 1040 ez If you used your home for business or to produce rental income, you may have to use Form 4797, Sales of Business Property, to report the sale of the business or rental part. Irs 1040 ez See Publication 523 for more information. Irs 1040 ez Reverse Mortgages A revers
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The Irs 1040 Ez

Irs 1040 ez 27. Irs 1040 ez   Beneficios Tributarios para Estudios Relacionados con el Trabajo Table of Contents Qué Hay de Nuevo Introduction Useful Items - You may want to see: Estudios Relacionados con el Trabajo que Reúnen los Requisitos de la DeducciónEstudios Requeridos por el Empleador o por Ley Estudios para Mantener o Mejorar Destrezas Estudios para Satisfacer los Requisitos Mínimos Estudios que lo Capacitan para un Nuevo Oficio o Negocio Qué Gastos se Pueden Deducir Reembolso no reclamado. Irs 1040 ez Gastos de Transporte Gastos de Viaje No se Permiten Beneficios Dobles Reembolsos Cómo Deducir Gastos de NegociosPersonas que Trabajan por Cuenta Propia Empleados Artistas del Espectáculo y Funcionarios a los que se les Pagan Honorarios Gastos de Trabajo Relacionados con un Impedimento Documentación Qué Hay de Nuevo Tarifa estándar por milla. Irs 1040 ez  Por lo general, si reclama una deducción de negocios por estudios relacionados con el trabajo y maneja su automóvil a la escuela y de vuelta a casa, la cantidad que puede deducir por las millas recorridas desde el 1 de enero de 2013 al 31 de diciembre de 2013 es 56½ centavos por milla. Irs 1040 ez Vea Gastos de Transporte bajo Qué Gastos se Pueden Deducir, para más información. Irs 1040 ez Introduction Este capítulo explica los gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo que tal vez pueda deducir como gastos de negocios. Irs 1040 ez Para reclamar tal deducción, tiene que: Detallar las deducciones en el Anexo A (Formulario 1040) si es empleado; Presentar el Anexo C (Formulario 1040), Anexo C-EZ (Formulario 1040) o el Anexo F (Formulario 1040) si trabaja por cuenta propia y Tener gastos de estudios calificados explicados bajo Estudios Relacionados con el Trabajo que Reúnen los Requisitos de la Deducción . Irs 1040 ez Si es empleado y puede detallar las deducciones, tal vez pueda reclamar una deducción por los gastos pagados por estudios que se relacionen con el trabajo. Irs 1040 ez Su deducción será la cantidad total de sus gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos más otros gastos relacionados con el trabajo y ciertos gastos misceláneos (con la excepción de los gastos del trabajo relacionados con el impedimento de personas discapacitadas) que sea mayor que el 2% de sus ingresos brutos ajustados (AGI, por sus siglas en inglés). Irs 1040 ez Vea el capítulo 28. Irs 1040 ez Si trabaja por cuenta propia, deduciría los gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos directamente de sus ingresos del trabajo por cuenta propia. Irs 1040 ez Los gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo también podrían darle derecho a otros beneficios tributarios, tales como el crédito tributario de oportunidad para los estadounidenses y el crédito vitalicio por aprendizaje (vea el capítulo 35). Irs 1040 ez Es posible que tenga derecho a estos beneficios incluso si no cumple los requisitos indicados anteriormente. Irs 1040 ez Asimismo, debe tomar en consideración que es posible que sus gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo le podrían dar derecho a reclamar más de un beneficio tributario. Irs 1040 ez Por lo general, puede reclamar cualquier cantidad de beneficios siempre que utilice diferentes gastos para calcular cada uno de ellos. Irs 1040 ez Cuando calcule sus impuestos, tal vez desee comparar estos beneficios tributarios para elegir el (los) método(s) mediante el (los) cual(es) obtenga el menor impuesto por pagar. Irs 1040 ez Useful Items - You may want to see: Publicación 463 Travel, Entertainment, Gift, and Car Expenses (Gastos de viaje, entretenimiento, regalos y automóvil), en inglés 970 Tax Benefits for Education (Beneficios tributarios por estudios), en inglés Formulario (e Instrucciones) 2106 Employee Business Expenses (Gastos de negocios del empleado), en inglés 2106-EZ Unreimbursed Employee Business Expenses (Gastos de negocios del empleado no reembolsados), en inglés Anexo A (Formulario 1040) Itemized Deductions (Deducciones detalladas), en inglés Estudios Relacionados con el Trabajo que Reúnen los Requisitos de la Deducción Puede deducir como gastos de negocio los costos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo si éstos reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Éstos son estudios que cumplen al menos uno de los dos siguientes requisitos: Su empleador o la ley requiere dichos estudios para mantener su sueldo, situación o trabajo actual. Irs 1040 ez Los estudios requeridos tienen que servir para un propósito comercial legítimo (bona fide) de su empleador. Irs 1040 ez Los estudios mantienen o mejoran las destrezas necesarias en su trabajo actual. Irs 1040 ez No obstante, aun si sus estudios cumplen uno o ambos de los requisitos anteriores, no se considera que dichos estudios estén relacionados con el trabajo ni que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción si: Se requieren para satisfacer los requisitos mínimos de educación de su oficio o negocio actual o Forman parte de un programa de estudios que lo capacitará para un nuevo oficio o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Puede deducir los costos de los estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción como gasto de negocios incluso si, al completar dichos estudios, tiene la posibilidad de obtener un título universitario. Irs 1040 ez Utilice la Figura 27-A, más adelante, para verificar rápidamente si sus estudios reúnen los requisitos. Irs 1040 ez Estudios Requeridos por el Empleador o por Ley Una vez que haya cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación para su trabajo, es posible que su empleador o la ley le exija seguir sus estudios. Irs 1040 ez Se considera que dichos estudios adicionales son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos si se cumplen los tres siguientes requisitos: Se requieren para que mantenga su sueldo, situación o trabajo actual; El requisito sirve un propósito legítimo (bona fide) comercial de su empleador y Los estudios no forman parte de un programa que lo capacitará para un nuevo oficio o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Si completa más estudios de los requeridos por su empleador o la ley, estos estudios adicionales sólo pueden ser estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción si mantienen o mejoran las destrezas requeridas en su trabajo actual. Irs 1040 ez Vea Estudios para Mantener o Mejorar Destrezas , más adelante. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo. Irs 1040 ez Usted es un maestro que ha cumplido los requisitos mínimos para enseñar. Irs 1040 ez Su empleador le exige que tome un curso universitario adicional cada año para poder seguir con su puesto actual de maestro. Irs 1040 ez Si los cursos no lo capacitarán para un nuevo oficio o negocio, entonces serán estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos, incluso si en el futuro recibe una maestría y un aumento de sueldo debido a estos estudios adicionales. Irs 1040 ez Estudios para Mantener o Mejorar Destrezas Si su empleador o la ley no requiere estudios, éstos pueden ser estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción sólo si mantienen o mejoran las destrezas necesarias en su trabajo actual. Irs 1040 ez Éstos pueden incluir cursos de actualización, cursos sobre avances profesionales y cursos académicos o vocacionales. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo. Irs 1040 ez Usted repara televisores, radios y sistemas estereofónicos para la tienda XYZ. Irs 1040 ez Para mantenerse al corriente de los últimos avances en su profesión, toma cursos especiales de servicios de radio y sistemas estereofónicos. Irs 1040 ez Estos cursos mantienen y mejoran las destrezas requeridas en su trabajo. Irs 1040 ez Mantenimiento de destrezas versus capacitación para un empleo nuevo. Irs 1040 ez   Los estudios para mantener o mejorar destrezas que se requieren en su trabajo actual no son estudios que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción si también lo capacitarán para un nuevo oficio o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Estudios durante ausencia temporal. Irs 1040 ez   Si deja de trabajar durante un año o menos para cursar estudios con el fin de mantener o mejorar las destrezas necesarias en su trabajo actual y luego regresa a su trabajo y desempeña las mismas labores generales, su ausencia se considera temporal. Irs 1040 ez Los estudios cursados durante una ausencia temporal son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que cumplen los requisitos de la deducción si mantienen o mejoran las destrezas necesarias en su trabajo actual. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo. Irs 1040 ez Deja su trabajo de investigación en biología para convertirse en estudiante de posgrado de biología a tiempo completo durante un año. Irs 1040 ez Si regresa a trabajar en investigación en biología después de concluir los cursos, los estudios se relacionan con su trabajo actual incluso si no regresa a trabajar para el mismo empleador. Irs 1040 ez Estudios durante ausencia indefinida. Irs 1040 ez   Si deja de trabajar durante más de un año, su ausencia del trabajo se considera indefinida. Irs 1040 ez Se considera que los estudios cursados durante una ausencia indefinida, aun si mantienen o mejoran las destrezas necesarias en el trabajo del cual se ausenta, lo capacitan para un nuevo oficio o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Por lo tanto, no son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnan los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Estudios para Satisfacer los Requisitos Mínimos Los estudios necesarios para cumplir los requisitos mínimos de educación para su oficio o negocio actual no son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnan los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Los requisitos mínimos de educación se determinan a través de: Leyes y reglamentos; Normas de su profesión, oficio o negocio y Su empleador. Irs 1040 ez Una vez que haya cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación vigentes cuando se le contrató, no tiene que cumplir nuevos requisitos mínimos de educación. Irs 1040 ez Esto significa que si los requisitos mínimos cambian después de que haya sido contratado, los estudios necesarios para satisfacer los nuevos requisitos pueden ser estudios que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez No ha cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación de su oficio o negocio sólo porque ya está realizando el trabajo. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 1. Irs 1040 ez Es estudiante de ingeniería a tiempo completo. Irs 1040 ez Aunque no ha recibido su título o certificación, trabaja a tiempo parcial como ingeniero en una empresa que lo contratará como ingeniero a tiempo completo después de que finalice sus estudios universitarios. Irs 1040 ez Aunque sus cursos universitarios de ingeniería mejoran sus destrezas en su trabajo actual, también se requieren para cumplir los requisitos laborales mínimos para contratar a un ingeniero a tiempo completo. Irs 1040 ez Estos estudios no son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 2. Irs 1040 ez Es contador y ha cumplido con los requisitos mínimos de educación de su empleador. Irs 1040 ez Posteriormente, éste cambia los requisitos mínimos de educación y requiere que tome cursos universitarios para mantener su trabajo. Irs 1040 ez Estos cursos adicionales pueden ser estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción porque ya ha cumplido los requisitos mínimos vigentes al momento de su contratación. Irs 1040 ez Requisitos para los Docentes Por lo general, los estados o distritos escolares establecen los requisitos mínimos de educación para los docentes. Irs 1040 ez El requisito es el título universitario o la cantidad mínima de horas de estudio universitario que suele exigirse para la contratación de una persona para dicho cargo. Irs 1040 ez Si no existen requisitos, habrá cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación cuando pase a ser miembro del cuerpo docente. Irs 1040 ez La determinación de si usted es miembro del cuerpo docente de una institución educativa tiene que ser hecha en base de las prácticas particulares de dicha institución. Irs 1040 ez Por lo general, se le considerará miembro del cuerpo docente si se da una o más de las siguientes condiciones: Es profesor titular o catedrático. Irs 1040 ez Sus años de servicio se acreditan para obtener el cargo académico o cátedra. Irs 1040 ez Tiene un voto en las decisiones del cuerpo docente. Irs 1040 ez Su institución académica hace aportaciones en nombre suyo a un plan de jubilación que no sea el Seguro Social o un programa similar. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 1. Irs 1040 ez La ley en el estado donde vive exige que los maestros novatos de escuela secundaria tengan un título universitario, incluidos 10 cursos de educación profesional. Irs 1040 ez Asimismo, para mantener su trabajo, un maestro tiene que realizar un quinto año de capacitación dentro de un plazo de 10 años a partir de la fecha de contratación. Irs 1040 ez Si la escuela empleadora certifica ante el Departamento de Educación estatal que no puede encontrar maestros calificados, la escuela puede contratar a personas con sólo 3 años de estudios universitarios. Irs 1040 ez No obstante, para mantener su trabajo, estos maestros tienen que obtener un título universitario y completar los cursos de educación profesional requeridos dentro de un plazo de 3 años. Irs 1040 ez De acuerdo con lo anterior, el título universitario, incluya o no los 10 cursos de educación profesional, se considera el requisito mínimo de educación para calificar como maestro en el estado donde vive. Irs 1040 ez Si posee toda la educación requerida, a excepción del quinto año, ha cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación. Irs 1040 ez El quinto año de capacitación se considera estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción a menos que forme parte de un programa de estudios que lo capacitará para un nuevo oficio o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Figura 27–A. Irs 1040 ez ¿Reúnen los Requisitos sus Estudios Relacionados con el Trabajo? Please click here for the text description of the image. Irs 1040 ez Figura 27−A. Irs 1040 ez ¿Reúnen los requisitos sus estudios relacionados con el trabajo? Ejemplo 2. Irs 1040 ez Suponga que se dan los mismos hechos que en el Ejemplo 1, excepto que tiene título universitario y sólo seis cursos de educación profesional. Irs 1040 ez Los cuatro cursos adicionales pueden ser estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Aunque no tiene todos los cursos requeridos, ya ha cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 3. Irs 1040 ez Suponga que se dan los mismos hechos que en el Ejemplo 1, excepto que lo han contratado con sólo 3 años de estudios universitarios. Irs 1040 ez Los cursos que tome para lograr un título (incluso en el campo de enseñanza) no son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Éstos se requieren para cumplir los requisitos mínimos de educación para trabajar como maestro. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 4. Irs 1040 ez Tiene un título universitario y trabaja como instructor temporal en una universidad. Irs 1040 ez Al mismo tiempo, toma cursos de posgrado para obtener un título superior. Irs 1040 ez Las reglas de la universidad estipulan que puede pasar a ser miembro del cuerpo docente sólo si obtiene un posgrado. Irs 1040 ez Además, puede mantener su trabajo como instructor sólo si demuestra un avance satisfactorio para obtener este título. Irs 1040 ez No ha cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación para ser miembro del cuerpo docente. Irs 1040 ez Los cursos de posgrado no son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Licencia en un nuevo estado. Irs 1040 ez   Una vez que haya cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación para maestros de su estado, se considera que ha cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación en todos los estados. Irs 1040 ez Esto se aplica incluso si tiene que cursar estudios adicionales para recibir la licencia en otro estado. Irs 1040 ez Los estudios adicionales que necesite son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos para la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Ya ha cumplido los requisitos mínimos de educación para enseñar. Irs 1040 ez Enseñar en otro estado no constituye un nuevo oficio o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo. Irs 1040 ez Posee una licencia permanente para enseñar en el Estado A y ha trabajado como maestro en ese estado durante varios años. Irs 1040 ez Se muda al Estado B y lo contratan inmediatamente como maestro. Irs 1040 ez Sin embargo, tiene que realizar ciertos cursos prescritos para obtener una licencia permanente para enseñar en el Estado B. Irs 1040 ez Estos cursos adicionales son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción debido a que el puesto de maestro en el Estado B implica el mismo tipo de trabajo general para el cual reunía los requisitos en el Estado A. Irs 1040 ez Estudios que lo Capacitan para un Nuevo Oficio o Negocio Los estudios que forman parte de un programa de estudios a fin de capacitarlo para un nuevo oficio o negocio no están relacionados con el trabajo y no reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Esto es aplicable incluso si no tiene intención de ingresar en ese oficio o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Si es empleado, un cambio de deberes que implique el mismo tipo de trabajo general no es un nuevo oficio o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 1. Irs 1040 ez Es contador. Irs 1040 ez Su empleador le exige que saque un título en derecho corriendo con sus propios gastos. Irs 1040 ez Se inscribe en una escuela de derecho con la intención de cursar el plan de estudios típico para lograr un título en derecho. Irs 1040 ez Aun si su intención no es ser abogado, los estudios no reúnen los requisitos de la deducción debido a que el título en derecho lo capacitará para un nuevo oficio o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 2. Irs 1040 ez Es médico de medicina general. Irs 1040 ez Toma un curso de dos semanas para revisar los avances en diversos campos especializados de la medicina. Irs 1040 ez El curso no lo capacita para una nueva profesión. Irs 1040 ez Se considera que está relacionado con el trabajo y reúne los requisitos de la deducción porque mantiene o mejora las destrezas requeridas en su profesión actual. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 3. Irs 1040 ez Durante su trabajo en la práctica privada de psiquiatría, ingresa a un programa para estudiar y capacitarse en un instituto de psicoanálisis acreditado. Irs 1040 ez El programa lo capacitará para practicar el psicoanálisis. Irs 1040 ez La formación en psicoanálisis no lo capacitará para una nueva profesión. Irs 1040 ez Está relacionada con el trabajo y reúne los requisitos de la deducción porque mantiene o mejora las destrezas necesarias en su profesión actual. Irs 1040 ez Curso de preparación para el examen de reválida de derecho o para el examen para contadores públicos autorizados Los cursos de preparación para el examen de reválida para ejercer la abogacía o el examen para contadores públicos autorizados (CPA, por sus siglas en inglés) no son estudios relacionados con el trabajo que cumplan los requisitos. Irs 1040 ez Forman parte de un programa de estudios que puede capacitarlo para una nueva profesión. Irs 1040 ez Deberes Magisteriales y Afines Todos los deberes magisteriales y deberes afines se consideran relativamente el mismo tipo de trabajo. Irs 1040 ez Un cambio de deberes de cualquiera de las siguientes maneras no se considera un cambio a una nueva ocupación: Maestro de escuela primaria a maestro de escuela secundaria. Irs 1040 ez Maestro de una asignatura, como biología, a maestro de otra asignatura, como arte. Irs 1040 ez Maestro a consejero académico. Irs 1040 ez Maestro a administrador escolar. Irs 1040 ez Qué Gastos se Pueden Deducir Si sus estudios satisfacen los requisitos descritos anteriormente en Estudios Relacionados con el Trabajo que Reúnen los Requisitos de la Deducción , por lo general, puede deducir sus gastos de estudios como gastos de negocios. Irs 1040 ez Si no trabaja por cuenta propia, puede deducir gastos de negocios sólo si detalla sus deducciones. Irs 1040 ez No puede deducir gastos relacionados con ingresos exentos ni excluidos de impuestos. Irs 1040 ez Gastos deducibles. Irs 1040 ez   Se pueden deducir los siguientes gastos de estudios: Matrícula, libros, útiles escolares, cuotas de laboratorio y artículos similares. Irs 1040 ez Ciertos costos de transporte y viajes. Irs 1040 ez Otros gastos de estudios, como costos de investigación y de procesamiento de palabras (mecanografía) al escribir un ensayo o tésis como parte de un programa de estudios. Irs 1040 ez Gastos no deducibles. Irs 1040 ez   No puede deducir sus gastos personales o de capital. Irs 1040 ez Por ejemplo, no puede deducir el valor en dólares de un período de vacaciones o permiso anual (vacaciones remuneradas) que toma para asistir a clases. Irs 1040 ez Esta cantidad es un gasto personal. Irs 1040 ez Reembolso no reclamado. Irs 1040 ez   Aun si no reclama reembolsos a los que tiene derecho a recibir de su empleador, no puede deducir los gastos correspondientes a ese reembolso no reclamado. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo. Irs 1040 ez Su empleador acuerda pagar sus gastos de estudios si usted presenta un vale que muestre sus gastos. Irs 1040 ez Usted no presenta un vale y no se los reembolsan. Irs 1040 ez Como no presentó un vale, no puede deducir los gastos en su declaración de impuestos. Irs 1040 ez Gastos de Transporte Si sus estudios reúnen los requisitos, puede deducir los costos de transporte locales en los que tiene que incurrir para viajar directamente del trabajo a la escuela. Irs 1040 ez Si tiene un trabajo habitual y asiste a la escuela de forma temporal, también puede deducir los costos de regreso de la escuela a su domicilio. Irs 1040 ez Asistencia temporal. Irs 1040 ez   Asiste a la escuela de manera temporal si alguna de las siguientes situaciones corresponde a su caso: Se espera de manera realista que su asistencia a la escuela dure 1 año o menos y en realidad dura 1 año o menos. Irs 1040 ez Al principio, se espera de manera realista que su asistencia a la escuela dure 1 año o menos, pero posteriormente es factible que dure más de 1 año. Irs 1040 ez Su asistencia es temporal hasta la fecha en la que determine que durará más de 1 año. Irs 1040 ez Nota: Si se encuentra en la situación (1) o (2), su asistencia no es temporal si los hechos y las circunstancias indican lo contrario. Irs 1040 ez Asistencia no temporal. Irs 1040 ez   No asiste a la escuela de manera temporal si alguna de las siguientes situaciones le corresponde: Se espera de manera realista que su asistencia a la escuela dure más de 1 año. Irs 1040 ez No importa cuánto tiempo de hecho asista. Irs 1040 ez Al principio, se espera de manera realista que su asistencia a la escuela dure 1 año o menos, pero posteriormente se espera que dure más de 1 año. Irs 1040 ez Su asistencia no es temporal después de la fecha en la que se determine que durará más de 1 año. Irs 1040 ez Gastos de Transporte Deducibles Si trabaja de manera habitual y se dirige directamente de su domicilio a la escuela de manera temporal, puede deducir los costos del viaje de ida y regreso entre su domicilio y la escuela. Irs 1040 ez Esto es aplicable sin importar la ubicación de dicho lugar, la distancia recorrida o si asiste a cursos en dicho lugar en días no laborables. Irs 1040 ez Los gastos de transporte incluyen los costos reales de autobús, metro, taxi u otras tarifas, así como los costos del uso de su automóvil. Irs 1040 ez Los gastos de transporte no incluyen cantidades gastadas por viaje, comidas o alojamiento cuando pasa la noche fuera de su casa. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 1. Irs 1040 ez Trabaja habitualmente en una ciudad cercana y viaja directamente del trabajo a su domicilio. Irs 1040 ez Asimismo, asiste a la escuela cada noche entre semana durante 3 meses para tomar un curso que mejore sus destrezas laborales. Irs 1040 ez Dado que asiste a una escuela de forma temporal, puede deducir sus gastos diarios de transporte de ida y regreso entre su domicilio y la escuela. Irs 1040 ez Esto es aplicable independientemente de la distancia recorrida. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 2. Irs 1040 ez Suponga que se dan los mismos hechos que en el Ejemplo 1, salvo que algunas noches se dirige directamente del trabajo a la escuela y luego a su domicilio. Irs 1040 ez Puede deducir sus gastos de transporte desde su lugar de trabajo habitual a la escuela y luego al domicilio. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 3. Irs 1040 ez Suponga que se dan los mismos hechos que en el Ejemplo 1, excepto que asiste a la escuela durante 9 meses todos los sábados, los cuales no son días laborables. Irs 1040 ez Dado que asiste a la escuela de manera temporal, puede deducir sus gastos de transporte de ida y regreso entre su casa y la escuela. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 4. Irs 1040 ez Suponga que se dan los mismos hechos que en el Ejemplo 1, excepto que asiste a clases dos veces a la semana durante 15 meses. Irs 1040 ez Dado que su asistencia a la escuela no se considera temporal, no puede deducir sus gastos de transporte entre su casa y la escuela. Irs 1040 ez Si se dirige a la escuela directamente desde el trabajo, puede deducir los gastos de transporte de ida desde el trabajo a la escuela. Irs 1040 ez Si del trabajo se dirige a su casa y luego a la escuela y regresa a su casa, sus gastos de transporte no pueden ser mayores que los gastos en los que hubiese incurrido de haber viajado directamente del trabajo a la escuela. Irs 1040 ez Uso de su automóvil. Irs 1040 ez   Si usa su automóvil (propio o arrendado) para viajar a la escuela, puede deducir sus gastos reales o utilizar la tarifa estándar de millaje para calcular la cantidad que puede deducir. Irs 1040 ez La tarifa estándar por millas recorridas desde el 1 de enero de 2013 hasta el 31 de diciembre de 2013 es 56½ centavos por milla. Irs 1040 ez Independientemente de los métodos que escoja, también puede deducir cargos de estacionamiento y peajes. Irs 1040 ez Vea el capítulo 26 para obtener información acerca de la deducción de sus gastos reales por el uso de un automóvil. Irs 1040 ez Gastos de Viaje Puede deducir gastos de viajes, comidas (vea Límite del 50% del costo de comidas , más adelante) y alojamiento si viaja de un día a otro principalmente para realizar estudios con derecho a deducción relacionados con el trabajo. Irs 1040 ez Los gastos de viaje para estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción reciben el mismo trato tributario que los gastos de viaje para otros propósitos de negocios del empleado. Irs 1040 ez Para más información, vea el capítulo 26. Irs 1040 ez No puede deducir gastos de actividades personales, como turismo, visitas o entretenimiento. Irs 1040 ez Viajes principalmente con fines personales. Irs 1040 ez   Si su viaje fuera de casa es principalmente con fines personales, no puede deducir todos sus gastos de viaje, comidas o alojamiento. Irs 1040 ez Sólo puede deducir sus gastos de alojamiento y el 50% de sus gastos de comidas durante el período en el que asista a actividades de educación que reúnen los requisitos. Irs 1040 ez   El determinar si el propósito del viaje es principalmente personal o para estudios depende de los hechos y las circunstancias. Irs 1040 ez Un factor importante es la comparación del tiempo dedicado a actividades personales con el tiempo dedicado a actividades de educación. Irs 1040 ez Si dedica más tiempo a actividades personales, el viaje se considera principalmente para estudios sólo si puede demostrar una razón importante y no personal de por qué viajó a un lugar específico. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 1. Irs 1040 ez Juan trabaja en Newark, Nueva Jersey. Irs 1040 ez Viajó a Chicago para tomar un curso de una semana, a solicitud de su empleador, que puede deducir de sus impuestos. Irs 1040 ez Su razón principal para viajar a Chicago fue el curso. Irs 1040 ez Durante su estadía, realizó un viaje de turismo, salió a divertirse con algunos amigos y realizó un viaje adicional por el día a Pleasantville. Irs 1040 ez Dado que el viaje era principalmente de negocios, Juan puede deducir su boleto aéreo de ida y vuelta a Chicago. Irs 1040 ez No puede deducir los gastos de transporte de su viaje a Pleasantville. Irs 1040 ez Sólo puede deducir las comidas (conforme al límite del 50%) y alojamiento relacionados con sus actividades educativas. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 2. Irs 1040 ez Susana trabaja en Boston. Irs 1040 ez Asistió a una universidad en Michigan a fin de tomar un curso para su trabajo. Irs 1040 ez El curso está relacionado con el trabajo y reúne los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Tomó un curso, que corresponde a un cuarto de la carga de estudios a tiempo completo. Irs 1040 ez El resto del tiempo lo dedicó a actividades personales. Irs 1040 ez Sus razones para tomar el curso en Michigan fueron personales. Irs 1040 ez El viaje de Susana es principalmente personal, ya que tres cuartos de su tiempo se consideran tiempo personal. Irs 1040 ez No puede deducir el costo de su boleto de tren de ida y regreso a Michigan. Irs 1040 ez Puede deducir un cuarto del costo de las comidas (conforme al límite del 50%) y del alojamiento del período en que asistió a la universidad. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo 3. Irs 1040 ez David trabaja en Nashville y recientemente viajó a California para asistir a un seminario de 2 semanas. Irs 1040 ez El seminario está relacionado con el trabajo y reúne los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Durante su estadía, dedicó 8 semanas adicionales a actividades personales. Irs 1040 ez Los hechos, incluida la estadía adicional de 8 semanas, demuestran que su finalidad principal era tomarse unas vacaciones. Irs 1040 ez David no puede deducir su boleto de avión de ida y vuelta ni sus comidas y alojamiento durante las 8 semanas. Irs 1040 ez Sólo puede deducir sus gastos por comida (sujeto al límite del 50%) y alojamiento durante las 2 semanas que asistió al seminario. Irs 1040 ez Cruceros y congresos. Irs 1040 ez   Algunos cruceros y congresos ofrecen seminarios o cursos como parte de su itinerario. Irs 1040 ez Aun si los seminarios o cursos están relacionados con el trabajo, su deducción por viaje puede verse limitada. Irs 1040 ez Esto es aplicable a: Viajes en buque transatlántico, crucero u otra forma de transporte marítimo de lujo y Congresos fuera del área de Norteamérica. Irs 1040 ez   Si desea consultar más acerca de los límites de deducciones de gastos de viaje que sean aplicables a cruceros y congresos, vea Luxury Water Travel (Viajes en buques de lujo) y Conventions (Congresos) en el capítulo 1 de la Publicación 463, en inglés. Irs 1040 ez Límite del 50% del costo de comidas. Irs 1040 ez   Sólo puede deducir el 50% del costo de sus comidas cuando viaja fuera de casa para realizar estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnan los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez No se le pueden haber reembolsado los gastos por las comidas. Irs 1040 ez   Los empleados tienen que usar el Formulario 2106 o el Formulario 2106-EZ para aplicar el límite del 50%. Irs 1040 ez Viajes con Fines Educativos No puede deducir el costo de sus viajes con fines educativos, incluso si están directamente relacionados con los deberes de su trabajo o negocio. Irs 1040 ez Ejemplo. Irs 1040 ez Usted es maestro de francés. Irs 1040 ez Durante una ausencia sabática otorgada para viajar, recorrió Francia para mejorar sus conocimientos del francés. Irs 1040 ez Elige su itinerario y la mayoría de sus actividades con el fin de mejorar sus destrezas lingüísticas en francés. Irs 1040 ez No puede deducir sus gastos de viaje como gastos de estudios. Irs 1040 ez Esto es aplicable aunque haya dedicado la mayor parte del tiempo a aprender francés visitando escuelas y familias francesas, asistiendo a películas u obras de teatro y participando en actividades similares. Irs 1040 ez No se Permiten Beneficios Dobles No se le permite hacer lo siguiente: Deducir los gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo como gastos de negocios si deduce estos gastos conforme con cualquier otra disposición de la ley, por ejemplo, la deducción de matrículas y cuotas (vea el capítulo 35). Irs 1040 ez Deducir los gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo pagados con fondos de ayuda para los estudios provistos por el empleador, subvención o beca libre de impuestos. Irs 1040 ez Vea Ajustes a Gastos de Estudios Relacionados con el Trabajo que Reúnen los Requisitos de la Deducción , a continuación. Irs 1040 ez Ajustes a Gastos de Estudios Relacionados con el Trabajo que Reúnen los Requisitos de la Deducción Si paga gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción con determinados fondos exentos de impuestos, no puede reclamar una deducción por estas cantidades. Irs 1040 ez Tiene que reducir la cantidad de los gastos que reúnen los requisitos por la cantidad de tales gastos que le pueden corresponder a la asistencia para estudios exenta de impuestos. Irs 1040 ez Para más información, vea el capítulo 12 de la Publicación 970, en inglés. Irs 1040 ez La asistencia para estudios exenta de impuestos incluye: La parte exenta de impuestos de becas de estudios y becas de investigación (vea el capítulo 1 de la Publicación 970, en inglés); La parte exenta de impuestos de las subvenciones federales Pell (vea el capítulo 1 de la Publicación 970, en inglés); La parte exenta de impuestos de la asistencia para estudios provista por el empleador (vea el capítulo 11 de la Publicación 970, en inglés); Asistencia para estudios destinada a veteranos (vea el capítulo 1 de la Publicación 970, en inglés) y Cualquier otro pago no gravable (libre de impuestos) (que no sean regalos o herencias) que reciba como asistencia para los estudios. Irs 1040 ez Cantidades que no reducen los gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez   No reduzca los gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción las cantidades pagadas con fondos que el estudiante reciba como: Un pago por servicios, como salarios; Un préstamo; Un regalo; Una herencia o Un retiro de la cuenta de ahorros personal del estudiante. Irs 1040 ez   Tampoco reduzca la cantidad de los gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción por la cantidad de una beca de estudios o beca de investigación declarada como ingreso en la declaración de impuestos del estudiante ni becas que, según lo establecido, no se puedan aplicar a gastos de estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Reembolsos El trato tributario que dé a los reembolsos depende del acuerdo que tenga con su empleador. Irs 1040 ez Existen dos tipos básicos de acuerdos de reembolso: planes con rendición de cuentas y planes sin rendición de cuentas. Irs 1040 ez Puede determinar el tipo de plan mediante el cual se le reembolsa según la manera en que se declara el reembolso en su Formulario W-2. Irs 1040 ez Para información sobre cómo tratar los reembolsos bajo planes con rendición de cuentas y planes sin rendición de cuentas, vea Reembolsos en el capítulo 26. Irs 1040 ez Cómo Deducir Gastos de Negocios Las personas que trabajan por cuenta propia y los empleados declaran los gastos de negocios de manera diferente. Irs 1040 ez La siguiente información explica qué formularios tiene que usar para deducir como gasto de negocios el costo de sus estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Personas que Trabajan por Cuenta Propia Si trabaja por cuenta propia, declare el costo de sus estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción en el formulario correspondiente que se utilizó para declarar su ingreso de negocio y gastos (generalmente en el Anexo C, C-EZ o F). Irs 1040 ez Si sus gastos de estudios incluyen gastos de automóvil o camión, viajes o comidas, declare estos gastos de la misma forma en la que declara los demás gastos de negocios para esas partidas. Irs 1040 ez Vea las instrucciones del formulario que presente para obtener información acerca de cómo completarlo. Irs 1040 ez Empleados Si es empleado, puede deducir el costo de estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción sólo si: No recibió (y no tuvo derecho a recibir) reembolsos de su empleador; Se le reembolsó conforme a un plan sin rendición de cuentas (la cantidad se incluye en el recuadro 1 del Formulario W-2) o Recibió un reembolso conforme a un plan con rendición de cuentas, pero la cantidad recibida fue menor que sus gastos por los cuales usted reclamó un reembolso. Irs 1040 ez Si le corresponde el punto (1) o (2), puede deducir la totalidad del costo que reúne los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Si le corresponde el punto (3), puede deducir sólo los costos mayores que su reembolso que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Para deducir como gasto de negocios el costo de sus estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción, incluya la cantidad con su deducción para todos los demás gastos de negocios del empleado en la línea 21 del Anexo A (Formulario 1040). Irs 1040 ez (Más adelante se explican las reglas especiales para gastos de ciertos artistas del espectáculo y funcionarios a los que se les pagan honorarios y para gastos de trabajo relacionados con un impedimento). Irs 1040 ez Esta deducción (con la excepción de los gastos del trabajo relacionados con el impedimento de personas discapacitadas) está sujeta al límite de ingreso bruto ajustado del 2% aplicable a la mayoría de las deducciones detalladas misceláneas. Irs 1040 ez Vea el capítulo 28. Irs 1040 ez Formulario 2106 o 2106-EZ. Irs 1040 ez   Para calcular su deducción con respecto a los gastos de negocios del empleado, incluidos los estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción, por lo general tiene que completar el Formulario 2106 o el Formulario 2106-EZ. Irs 1040 ez No se requiere el formulario. Irs 1040 ez   No complete el Formulario 2106 ni el Formulario 2106-EZ si: Las cantidades incluidas en el recuadro 1 de su Formulario W-2 no se consideran reembolsos y No declara gastos de viaje, transporte, comidas o entretenimiento. Irs 1040 ez   Si cumple los dos requisitos anteriores, anote los gastos directamente en la línea 21 del Anexo A (Formulario 1040). Irs 1040 ez (Más adelante se explican las reglas especiales para gastos de ciertos artistas del espectáculo y funcionarios a los que se les pagan honorarios y para gastos de trabajo relacionados con un impedimento). Irs 1040 ez Uso del Formulario 2106-EZ. Irs 1040 ez   Este formulario es más corto y fácil de usar que el Formulario 2106. Irs 1040 ez Por lo general, puede usar este formulario si: Todos los reembolsos, si los hubiera, se incluyeron en el recuadro 1 de su Formulario W-2 y Utiliza la tarifa estándar por millas si declara gastos de vehículo. Irs 1040 ez   Si no cumple estos dos requisitos, utilice el Formulario 2106. Irs 1040 ez Artistas del Espectáculo y Funcionarios a los que se les Pagan Honorarios Si es artista del espectáculo que reúne los requisitos o funcionario del gobierno estatal (o local) que recibe su pago total o en parte de honorarios, puede deducir el costo de sus estudios relacionado con el trabajo que reúne los requisitos de la deducción como ajuste al ingreso bruto en lugar de una deducción detallada. Irs 1040 ez Incluya el costo de sus estudios relacionados con el trabajo que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción junto con todos los demás gastos de negocios del empleado y anote el total en la línea 24 del Formulario 1040. Irs 1040 ez No tiene que detallar sus deducciones en el Anexo A (Formulario 1040) y, por lo tanto, la deducción no está sujeta al límite de ingreso bruto ajustado del 2%. Irs 1040 ez Tiene que completar el Formulario 2106 o 2106-EZ para calcular su deducción, incluso si cumple los requisitos descritos anteriormente bajo No se requiere el formulario . Irs 1040 ez Para más información acerca de los artistas del espectáculo que reúnen los requisitos, vea el capítulo 6 de la Publicación 463, en inglés. Irs 1040 ez Gastos de Trabajo Relacionados con un Impedimento Si está incapacitado y tiene gastos de trabajo relacionados con un impedimento que sean necesarios para permitirle realizar estudios relacionados con el trabajo, que reúnen los requisitos de la deducción, puede deducir estos gastos en la línea 28 del Anexo A (Formulario 1040). Irs 1040 ez No están sujetos al límite del 2% del ingreso bruto ajustado. Irs 1040 ez Para deducir estos gastos, tiene que completar el Formulario 2106 o 2106-EZ, aun si cumple los requisitos descritos anteriormente en No se requiere el formulario . Irs 1040 ez Para más información acerca de gastos de trabajo relacionados con un impedimento, vea el capítulo 6 de la Publicación 463, en inglés. Irs 1040 ez Documentación Tiene que mantener documentación como comprobante de las deducciones reclamadas en su declaración de impuestos. Irs 1040 ez Por lo general, debe mantener su documentación durante 3 años desde la fecha de presentación de la declaración y de haber reclamado la deducción. Irs 1040 ez Para obtener información específica acerca de cómo mantener documentación de los gastos de negocios, vea Mantenimiento de Documentación en el capítulo 26. Irs 1040 ez Prev  Up  Next   Home   More Online Publications