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H&r Block Taxes

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H&r Block Taxes

H&r block taxes 1. H&r block taxes   Investment Income Table of Contents Topics - This chapter discusses: Useful Items - You may want to see: General InformationSSN for joint account. H&r block taxes Custodian account for your child. H&r block taxes Penalty for failure to supply SSN. H&r block taxes Certification. H&r block taxes Underreported interest and dividends. H&r block taxes How to stop backup withholding due to underreporting. H&r block taxes How to stop backup withholding due to an incorrect identification number. H&r block taxes Reporting backup withholding. H&r block taxes Nonresident aliens. H&r block taxes Penalties. H&r block taxes Savings account with parent as trustee. H&r block taxes Interest IncomeInterest not reported on Form 1099-INT. H&r block taxes Nominees. H&r block taxes Incorrect amount. H&r block taxes Information reporting requirement. H&r block taxes Taxable Interest — General Below-Market Loans U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Savings Bonds U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates Insurance State or Local Government Obligations Discount on Debt InstrumentsOriginal Issue Discount (OID) Market Discount Bonds Discount on Short-Term Obligations Election To Report All Interest as OID When To Report Interest IncomeConstructive receipt. H&r block taxes How To Report Interest IncomeSchedule B (Form 1040A or 1040). H&r block taxes Worksheet for savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. H&r block taxes File Form 1099-INT with the IRS. H&r block taxes Dividends and Other DistributionsDividends not reported on Form 1099-DIV. H&r block taxes Nominees. H&r block taxes Ordinary Dividends Capital Gain Distributions Nondividend Distributions Liquidating Distributions Distributions of Stock and Stock Rights Other Distributions How To Report Dividend IncomeElection. H&r block taxes Independent contractor. H&r block taxes Investment interest deducted. H&r block taxes Exception 1. H&r block taxes Exception 2. H&r block taxes Undistributed capital gains. H&r block taxes File Form 1099-DIV with the IRS. H&r block taxes Stripped Preferred Stock REMICs, FASITs, and Other CDOsREMICs Collateralized Debt Obligations (CDOs) FASITs S CorporationsLimit on losses and deductions. H&r block taxes Passive activity losses. H&r block taxes Form 8582. H&r block taxes Investment ClubsInvestments in name of member. H&r block taxes Tax Treatment of the Club Topics - This chapter discusses: Interest Income , Discount on Debt Instruments , When To Report Interest Income , How To Report Interest Income , Dividends and Other Distributions , How To Report Dividend Income , Stripped Preferred Stock , Real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs), financial asset securitization investment trusts (FASITs), and other collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) , S Corporations , and Investment Clubs . H&r block taxes Useful Items - You may want to see: Publication 525 Taxable and Nontaxable Income 537 Installment Sales 590 Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) 925 Passive Activity and At-Risk Rules 1212 Guide to Original Issue Discount (OID) Instruments Form (and Instructions) Schedule B (Form 1040A or 1040) Interest and Ordinary Dividends Schedule D (Form 1040) Capital Gains and Losses 1040 U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Individual Income Tax Return 1040A U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Individual Income Tax Return 1040EZ Income Tax Return for Single and Joint Filers With No Dependents 1099 General Instructions for Certain Information Returns 2439 Notice to Shareholder of Undistributed Long-Term Capital Gains 3115 Application for Change in Accounting Method 6251 Alternative Minimum Tax — Individuals 8582 Passive Activity Loss Limitations 8615 Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income 8814 Parents' Election To Report Child's Interest and Dividends 8815 Exclusion of Interest From Series EE and I U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Savings Bonds Issued After 1989 8818 Optional Form To Record Redemption of Series EE and I U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Savings Bonds Issued After 1989 8824 Like-Kind Exchanges 8949 Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets 8960 Net Investment Income Tax—Individuals, Estates, and Trusts See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for information about getting these publications and forms. H&r block taxes General Information A few items of general interest are covered here. H&r block taxes Recordkeeping. H&r block taxes You should keep a list showing sources and investment income amounts you receive during the year. H&r block taxes Also keep the forms you receive showing your investment income (Forms 1099-INT, Interest Income, and 1099-DIV, Dividends and Distributions, for example) as an important part of your records. H&r block taxes Net investment income tax (NIIT). H&r block taxes   Beginning in 2013, you may be subject to the NIIT. H&r block taxes The NIIT is a 3. H&r block taxes 8% tax on the lesser of your net investment income or the amount of your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) that is over a threshold amount based on your filing status. H&r block taxes    Filing Status Threshold Amount Married filing jointly $250,000 Married filing separately $125,000 Single $200,000 Head of household (with qualifying person) $200,000 Qualifying Widow(er) with dependent child $250,000    For more information, see Form 8960 and Instructions for Form 8960. H&r block taxes Tax on unearned income of certain children. H&r block taxes   Part of a child's 2013 unearned income may be taxed at the parent's tax rate. H&r block taxes This may happen if all of the following are true. H&r block taxes The child had more than $2,000 of unearned income. H&r block taxes The child is required to file a tax return. H&r block taxes The child was: Under age 18 at the end of 2013, Age 18 at the end of 2013 and did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support, or A full-time student over age 18 and under age 24 at the end of 2013 and did not have earned income that was more than half of the child's support. H&r block taxes At least one of the child's parents was alive at the end of 2013. H&r block taxes The child does not file a joint return for 2013. H&r block taxes A child born on January 1, 1996, is considered to be age 18 at the end of 2013; a child born on January 1, 1995, is considered to be age 19 at the end of 2013; a child born on January 1, 1990, is considered to be age 24 at the end of 2013. H&r block taxes   If all of these statements are true, Form 8615 must be completed and attached to the child's tax return. H&r block taxes If any of these statements is not true, Form 8615 is not required and the child's income is taxed at his or her own tax rate. H&r block taxes    However, the parent can choose to include the child's interest and dividends on the parent's return if certain requirements are met. H&r block taxes Use Form 8814 for this purpose. H&r block taxes   For more information about the tax on unearned income of children and the parents' election, see Publication 929, Tax Rules for Children and Dependents. H&r block taxes Beneficiary of an estate or trust. H&r block taxes   Interest, dividends, and other investment income you receive as a beneficiary of an estate or trust is generally taxable income. H&r block taxes You should receive a Schedule K-1 (Form 1041), Beneficiary's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. H&r block taxes , from the fiduciary. H&r block taxes Your copy of Schedule K-1 (Form 1041) and its instructions will tell you where to report the income on your Form 1040. H&r block taxes Social security number (SSN). H&r block taxes   You must give your name and SSN or individual tax identification number (ITIN) to any person required by federal tax law to make a return, statement, or other document that relates to you. H&r block taxes This includes payers of interest and dividends. H&r block taxes If you do not give your SSN or ITIN to the payer of interest, you may have to pay a penalty. H&r block taxes SSN for joint account. H&r block taxes   If the funds in a joint account belong to one person, list that person's name first on the account and give that person's SSN to the payer. H&r block taxes (For information on who owns the funds in a joint account, see Joint accounts , later. H&r block taxes ) If the joint account contains combined funds, give the SSN of the person whose name is listed first on the account. H&r block taxes This is because only one name and SSN can be shown on Form 1099. H&r block taxes   These rules apply both to joint ownership by a married couple and to joint ownership by other individuals. H&r block taxes For example, if you open a joint savings account with your child using funds belonging to the child, list the child's name first on the account and give the child's SSN. H&r block taxes Custodian account for your child. H&r block taxes   If your child is the actual owner of an account that is recorded in your name as custodian for the child, give the child's SSN to the payer. H&r block taxes For example, you must give your child's SSN to the payer of dividends on stock owned by your child, even though the dividends are paid to you as custodian. H&r block taxes Penalty for failure to supply SSN. H&r block taxes   You will be subject to a penalty if, when required, you fail to: Include your SSN on any return, statement, or other document, Give your SSN to another person who must include it on any return, statement, or other document, or Include the SSN of another person on any return, statement, or other document. H&r block taxes The penalty is $50 for each failure up to a maximum penalty of $100,000 for any calendar year. H&r block taxes   You will not be subject to this penalty if you can show that your failure to provide the SSN was due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect. H&r block taxes   If you fail to supply an SSN, you may also be subject to backup withholding. H&r block taxes Backup withholding. H&r block taxes   Your investment income is generally not subject to regular withholding. H&r block taxes However, it may be subject to backup withholding to ensure that income tax is collected on the income. H&r block taxes Under backup withholding, the bank, broker, or other payer of interest, original issue discount (OID), dividends, cash patronage dividends, or royalties must withhold, as income tax, on the amount you are paid, applying the appropriate withholding rate. H&r block taxes   Backup withholding applies if: You do not give the payer your identification number (either a social security number or an employer identification number) in the required manner, The IRS notifies the payer that you gave an incorrect identification number, The IRS notifies the payer that you are subject to backup withholding on interest or dividends because you have underreported interest or dividends on your income tax return, or You are required, but fail, to certify that you are not subject to backup withholding for the reason described in (3). H&r block taxes Certification. H&r block taxes   For new accounts paying interest or dividends, you must certify under penalties of perjury that your SSN is correct and that you are not subject to backup withholding. H&r block taxes Your payer will give you a Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, or similar form, to make this certification. H&r block taxes If you fail to make this certification, backup withholding may begin immediately on your new account or investment. H&r block taxes Underreported interest and dividends. H&r block taxes   You will be considered to have underreported your interest and dividends if the IRS has determined for a tax year that: You failed to include any part of a reportable interest or dividend payment required to be shown on your return, or You were required to file a return and to include a reportable interest or dividend payment on that return, but you failed to file the return. H&r block taxes How to stop backup withholding due to underreporting. H&r block taxes   If you have been notified that you underreported interest or dividends, you can request a determination from the IRS to prevent backup withholding from starting or to stop backup withholding once it has begun. H&r block taxes You must show that at least one of the following situations applies. H&r block taxes No underreporting occurred. H&r block taxes You have a bona fide dispute with the IRS about whether underreporting occurred. H&r block taxes Backup withholding will cause or is causing an undue hardship, and it is unlikely that you will underreport interest and dividends in the future. H&r block taxes You have corrected the underreporting by filing a return if you did not previously file one and by paying all taxes, penalties, and interest due for any underreported interest or dividend payments. H&r block taxes   If the IRS determines that backup withholding should stop, it will provide you with a certification and will notify the payers who were sent notices earlier. H&r block taxes How to stop backup withholding due to an incorrect identification number. H&r block taxes   If you have been notified by a payer that you are subject to backup withholding because you have provided an incorrect SSN or employer identification number, you can stop it by following the instructions the payer gives you. H&r block taxes Reporting backup withholding. H&r block taxes   If backup withholding is deducted from your interest or dividend income or other reportable payment, the bank or other business must give you an information return for the year (for example, a Form 1099-INT) indicating the amount withheld. H&r block taxes The information return will show any backup withholding as “Federal income tax withheld. H&r block taxes ” Nonresident aliens. H&r block taxes    Generally, payments made to nonresident aliens are not subject to backup withholding. H&r block taxes You can use Form W-8BEN, Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding, to certify exempt status. H&r block taxes However, this does not exempt you from the 30% (or lower treaty) withholding rate that may apply to your investment income. H&r block taxes For information on the 30% rate, see Publication 519, U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Tax Guide for Aliens. H&r block taxes Penalties. H&r block taxes   There are civil and criminal penalties for giving false information to avoid backup withholding. H&r block taxes The civil penalty is $500. H&r block taxes The criminal penalty, upon conviction, is a fine of up to $1,000, or imprisonment of up to 1 year, or both. H&r block taxes Where to report investment income. H&r block taxes   Table 1-1 gives an overview of the forms and schedules to use to report some common types of investment income. H&r block taxes But see the rest of this publication for detailed information about reporting investment income. H&r block taxes Joint accounts. H&r block taxes   If two or more persons hold property (such as a savings account, bond, or stock) as joint tenants, tenants by the entirety, or tenants in common, each person's share of any interest or dividends from the property is determined by local law. H&r block taxes Community property states. H&r block taxes   If you are married and receive a distribution that is community income, one-half of the distribution is generally considered to be received by each spouse. H&r block taxes If you file separate returns, you must each report one-half of any taxable distribution. H&r block taxes See Publication 555, Community Property, for more information on community income. H&r block taxes   If the distribution is not considered community property and you and your spouse file separate returns, each of you must report your separate taxable distributions. H&r block taxes Example. H&r block taxes You and your spouse have a joint money market account. H&r block taxes Under state law, half the income from the account belongs to you, and half belongs to your spouse. H&r block taxes If you file separate returns, you each report half the income. H&r block taxes Income from property given to a child. H&r block taxes   Property you give as a parent to your child under the Model Gifts of Securities to Minors Act, the Uniform Gifts to Minors Act, or any similar law becomes the child's property. H&r block taxes   Income from the property is taxable to the child, except that any part used to satisfy a legal obligation to support the child is taxable to the parent or guardian having that legal obligation. H&r block taxes Savings account with parent as trustee. H&r block taxes   Interest income from a savings account opened for a minor child, but placed in the name and subject to the order of the parents as trustees, is taxable to the child if, under the law of the state in which the child resides, both of the following are true. H&r block taxes The savings account legally belongs to the child. H&r block taxes The parents are not legally permitted to use any of the funds to support the child. H&r block taxes Table 1-1. H&r block taxes Where To Report Common Types of Investment Income (For detailed information about reporting investment income, see the rest of this publication, especially How To Report Interest Income and How To Report Dividend Income in chapter 1. H&r block taxes ) Type of Income If you file Form 1040, report on . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes If you can file Form 1040A, report on . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes If you can file Form 1040EZ, report on . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes Tax-exempt interest (Form 1099-INT, box 8) Line 8b Line 8b Space to the left of line 2 (enter “TEI” and the amount) Taxable interest that totals $1,500 or less Line 8a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. H&r block taxes ) Line 8a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. H&r block taxes ) Line 2 Taxable interest that totals more than $1,500 Line 8a; also use Schedule B, line 1 Line 8a; also use Schedule B, line 1   Savings bond interest you will exclude because of higher education expenses Schedule B; also use Form 8815 Schedule B; also use Form 8815   Ordinary dividends that total $1,500 or less Line 9a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. H&r block taxes ) Line 9a (You may need to file Schedule B as well. H&r block taxes )   Ordinary dividends that total more than $1,500 Line 9a; also use Schedule B, line 5 Line 9a; also use Schedule B, line 5   Qualified dividends (if you do not have to file Schedule D) Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 2 Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 2   Qualified dividends (if you have to file Schedule D) Line 9b; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet, line 2 You cannot use Form 1040A    You cannot use Form 1040EZ Capital gain distributions (if you do not have to file Schedule D) Line 13; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 3 Line 10; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet, line 3   Capital gain distributions (if you have to file Schedule D) Schedule D, line 13; also use the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet     Section 1250, 1202, or collectibles gain (Form 1099-DIV, box 2b, 2c, or 2d) Form 8949 and Schedule D     Nondividend distributions (Form 1099-DIV, box 3) Generally not reported*     Undistributed capital gains (Form 2439, boxes 1a - 1d) Schedule D     Gain or loss from sales of stocks or bonds Line 13; also use Form 8949, Schedule D, and the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet You cannot use Form 1040A   Gain or loss from exchanges of like-kind investment property Line 13; also use Schedule D, Form 8824, and the Qualified Dividends and Capital Gain Tax Worksheet or the Schedule D Tax Worksheet     *Report any amounts in excess of your basis in your mutual fund shares on Form 8949. H&r block taxes Use Part II if you held the shares more than 1 year. H&r block taxes Use Part I if you held your mutual fund shares 1 year or less. H&r block taxes For details on Form 8949, see Reporting Capital Gains and Losses in chapter 4, and the Instructions for Form 8949. H&r block taxes Accuracy-related penalty. H&r block taxes   An accuracy-related penalty of 20% can be charged for underpayments of tax due to negligence or disregard of rules or regulations or substantial understatement of tax. H&r block taxes For information on the penalty and any interest that applies, see Penalties in chapter 2. H&r block taxes Interest Income This section discusses the tax treatment of different types of interest income. H&r block taxes In general, any interest that you receive or that is credited to your account and can be withdrawn is taxable income. H&r block taxes (It does not have to be entered in your passbook. H&r block taxes ) Exceptions to this rule are discussed later. H&r block taxes Form 1099-INT. H&r block taxes   Interest income is generally reported to you on Form 1099-INT, or a similar statement, by banks, savings and loans, and other payers of interest. H&r block taxes This form shows you the interest you received during the year. H&r block taxes Keep this form for your records. H&r block taxes You do not have to attach it to your tax return. H&r block taxes   Report on your tax return the total interest income you receive for the tax year. H&r block taxes Interest not reported on Form 1099-INT. H&r block taxes   Even if you do not receive Form 1099-INT, you must still report all of your interest income. H&r block taxes For example, you may receive distributive shares of interest from partnerships or S corporations. H&r block taxes This interest is reported to you on Schedule K-1 (Form 1065), Partner's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. H&r block taxes , and Schedule K-1 (Form 1120S), Shareholder's Share of Income, Deductions, Credits, etc. H&r block taxes Nominees. H&r block taxes   Generally, if someone receives interest as a nominee for you, that person must give you a Form 1099-INT showing the interest received on your behalf. H&r block taxes   If you receive a Form 1099-INT that includes amounts belonging to another person, see the discussion on Nominee distributions , later, under How To Report Interest Income. H&r block taxes Incorrect amount. H&r block taxes   If you receive a Form 1099-INT that shows an incorrect amount (or other incorrect information), you should ask the issuer for a corrected form. H&r block taxes The new Form 1099-INT you receive will be marked “Corrected. H&r block taxes ” Form 1099-OID. H&r block taxes   Reportable interest income also may be shown on Form 1099-OID, Original Issue Discount. H&r block taxes For more information about amounts shown on this form, see Original Issue Discount (OID) , later in this chapter. H&r block taxes Exempt-interest dividends. H&r block taxes   Exempt-interest dividends you receive from a mutual fund or other regulated investment company, including those received from a qualified fund of funds in any tax year beginning after December 22, 2010, are not included in your taxable income. H&r block taxes (However, see Information reporting requirement , next. H&r block taxes ) Exempt-interest dividends should be shown in box 10 of Form 1099-DIV. H&r block taxes You do not reduce your basis for distributions that are exempt-interest dividends. H&r block taxes Information reporting requirement. H&r block taxes   Although exempt-interest dividends are not taxable, you must show them on your tax return if you have to file. H&r block taxes This is an information reporting requirement and does not change the exempt-interest dividends into taxable income. H&r block taxes See How To Report Interest Income , later. H&r block taxes Note. H&r block taxes Exempt-interest dividends paid from specified private activity bonds may be subject to the alternative minimum tax. H&r block taxes The exempt-interest dividends subject to the alternative minimum tax are shown in box 11 of Form 1099-DIV. H&r block taxes See Form 6251 and its instructions for more information about this tax. H&r block taxes Private activity bonds are discussed later under State or Local Government Obligations. H&r block taxes Interest on VA dividends. H&r block taxes   Interest on insurance dividends left on deposit with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is not taxable. H&r block taxes This includes interest paid on dividends on converted United States Government Life Insurance policies and on National Service Life Insurance policies. H&r block taxes Individual retirement arrangements (IRAs). H&r block taxes   Interest on a Roth IRA generally is not taxable. H&r block taxes Interest on a traditional IRA is tax deferred. H&r block taxes You generally do not include it in your income until you make withdrawals from the IRA. H&r block taxes See Publication 590 for more information. H&r block taxes Taxable Interest — General Taxable interest includes interest you receive from bank accounts, loans you make to others, and other sources. H&r block taxes The following are some sources of taxable interest. H&r block taxes Dividends that are actually interest. H&r block taxes   Certain distributions commonly called dividends are actually interest. H&r block taxes You must report as interest so-called “dividends” on deposits or on share accounts in: Cooperative banks, Credit unions, Domestic building and loan associations, Domestic savings and loan associations, Federal savings and loan associations, and Mutual savings banks. H&r block taxes  The “dividends” will be shown as interest income on Form 1099-INT. H&r block taxes Money market funds. H&r block taxes   Money market funds are offered by nonbank financial institutions such as mutual funds and stock brokerage houses, and pay dividends. H&r block taxes Generally, amounts you receive from money market funds should be reported as dividends, not as interest. H&r block taxes Certificates of deposit and other deferred interest accounts. H&r block taxes   If you open any of these accounts, interest may be paid at fixed intervals of 1 year or less during the term of the account. H&r block taxes You generally must include this interest in your income when you actually receive it or are entitled to receive it without paying a substantial penalty. H&r block taxes The same is true for accounts that mature in 1 year or less and pay interest in a single payment at maturity. H&r block taxes If interest is deferred for more than 1 year, see Original Issue Discount (OID) , later. H&r block taxes Interest subject to penalty for early withdrawal. H&r block taxes   If you withdraw funds from a deferred interest account before maturity, you may have to pay a penalty. H&r block taxes You must report the total amount of interest paid or credited to your account during the year, without subtracting the penalty. H&r block taxes See Penalty on early withdrawal of savings under How To Report Interest Income, later, for more information on how to report the interest and deduct the penalty. H&r block taxes Money borrowed to invest in certificate of deposit. H&r block taxes   The interest you pay on money borrowed from a bank or savings institution to meet the minimum deposit required for a certificate of deposit from the institution and the interest you earn on the certificate are two separate items. H&r block taxes You must report the total interest you earn on the certificate in your income. H&r block taxes If you itemize deductions, you can deduct the interest you pay as investment interest, up to the amount of your net investment income. H&r block taxes See Interest Expenses in chapter 3. H&r block taxes Example. H&r block taxes You deposited $5,000 with a bank and borrowed $5,000 from the bank to make up the $10,000 minimum deposit required to buy a 6-month certificate of deposit. H&r block taxes The certificate earned $575 at maturity in 2013, but you received only $265, which represented the $575 you earned minus $310 interest charged on your $5,000 loan. H&r block taxes The bank gives you a Form 1099-INT for 2013 showing the $575 interest you earned. H&r block taxes The bank also gives you a statement showing that you paid $310 interest for 2013. H&r block taxes You must include the $575 in your income. H&r block taxes If you itemize your deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040), Itemized Deductions, you can deduct $310, subject to the net investment income limit. H&r block taxes Gift for opening account. H&r block taxes   If you receive noncash gifts or services for making deposits or for opening an account in a savings institution, you may have to report the value as interest. H&r block taxes   For deposits of less than $5,000, gifts or services valued at more than $10 must be reported as interest. H&r block taxes For deposits of $5,000 or more, gifts or services valued at more than $20 must be reported as interest. H&r block taxes The value is determined by the cost to the financial institution. H&r block taxes Example. H&r block taxes You open a savings account at your local bank and deposit $800. H&r block taxes The account earns $20 interest. H&r block taxes You also receive a $15 calculator. H&r block taxes If no other interest is credited to your account during the year, the Form 1099-INT you receive will show $35 interest for the year. H&r block taxes You must report $35 interest income on your tax return. H&r block taxes Interest on insurance dividends. H&r block taxes   Interest on insurance dividends left on deposit with an insurance company that can be withdrawn annually is taxable to you in the year it is credited to your account. H&r block taxes However, if you can withdraw it only on the anniversary date of the policy (or other specified date), the interest is taxable in the year that date occurs. H&r block taxes Prepaid insurance premiums. H&r block taxes   Any increase in the value of prepaid insurance premiums, advance premiums, or premium deposit funds is interest if it is applied to the payment of premiums due on insurance policies or made available for you to withdraw. H&r block taxes U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes obligations. H&r block taxes   Interest on U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes obligations, such as U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Treasury bills, notes, and bonds, issued by any agency or instrumentality of the United States is taxable for federal income tax purposes. H&r block taxes Interest on tax refunds. H&r block taxes   Interest you receive on tax refunds is taxable income. H&r block taxes Interest on condemnation award. H&r block taxes   If the condemning authority pays you interest to compensate you for a delay in payment of an award, the interest is taxable. H&r block taxes Installment sale payments. H&r block taxes   If a contract for the sale or exchange of property provides for deferred payments, it also usually provides for interest payable with the deferred payments. H&r block taxes That interest is taxable when you receive it. H&r block taxes If little or no interest is provided for in a deferred payment contract, part of each payment may be treated as interest. H&r block taxes See Unstated Interest and Original Issue Discount (OID) in Publication 537. H&r block taxes Interest on annuity contract. H&r block taxes   Accumulated interest on an annuity contract you sell before its maturity date is taxable. H&r block taxes Usurious interest. H&r block taxes   Usurious interest is interest charged at an illegal rate. H&r block taxes This is taxable as interest unless state law automatically changes it to a payment on the principal. H&r block taxes Interest income on frozen deposits. H&r block taxes   Exclude from your gross income interest on frozen deposits. H&r block taxes A deposit is frozen if, at the end of the year, you cannot withdraw any part of the deposit because: The financial institution is bankrupt or insolvent, or The state in which the institution is located has placed limits on withdrawals because other financial institutions in the state are bankrupt or insolvent. H&r block taxes   The amount of interest you must exclude is the interest that was credited on the frozen deposits minus the sum of: The net amount you withdrew from these deposits during the year, and The amount you could have withdrawn as of the end of the year (not reduced by any penalty for premature withdrawals of a time deposit). H&r block taxes If you receive a Form 1099-INT for interest income on deposits that were frozen at the end of 2013, see Frozen deposits under How To Report Interest Income for information about reporting this interest income exclusion on your tax return. H&r block taxes   The interest you exclude is treated as credited to your account in the following year. H&r block taxes You must include it in income in the year you can withdraw it. H&r block taxes Example. H&r block taxes $100 of interest was credited on your frozen deposit during the year. H&r block taxes You withdrew $80 but could not withdraw any more as of the end of the year. H&r block taxes You must include $80 in your income and exclude $20 from your income for the year. H&r block taxes You must include the $20 in your income for the year you can withdraw it. H&r block taxes Bonds traded flat. H&r block taxes    If you buy a bond at a discount when interest has been defaulted or when the interest has accrued but has not been paid, the transaction is described as trading a bond flat. H&r block taxes The defaulted or unpaid interest is not income and is not taxable as interest if paid later. H&r block taxes When you receive a payment of that interest, it is a return of capital that reduces the remaining cost basis of your bond. H&r block taxes Interest that accrues after the date of purchase, however, is taxable interest income for the year received or accrued. H&r block taxes See Bonds Sold Between Interest Dates , later in this chapter. H&r block taxes Below-Market Loans If you make a below-market gift or demand loan, you must report as interest income any forgone interest (defined later) from that loan. H&r block taxes The below-market loan rules and exceptions are described in this section. H&r block taxes For more information, see section 7872 of the Internal Revenue Code and its regulations. H&r block taxes If you receive a below-market loan, you may be able to deduct the forgone interest as well as any interest you actually paid, but not if it is personal interest. H&r block taxes Loans subject to the rules. H&r block taxes   The rules for below-market loans apply to: Gift loans, Pay-related loans, Corporation-shareholder loans, Tax avoidance loans, and Certain loans made to qualified continuing care facilities under a continuing care contract. H&r block taxes A pay-related loan is any below-market loan between an employer and an employee or between an independent contractor and a person for whom the contractor provides services. H&r block taxes A tax avoidance loan is any below-market loan where the avoidance of federal tax is one of the main purposes of the interest arrangement. H&r block taxes Forgone interest. H&r block taxes   For any period, forgone interest is: The amount of interest that would be payable for that period if interest accrued on the loan at the applicable federal rate and was payable annually on December 31, minus Any interest actually payable on the loan for the period. H&r block taxes Applicable federal rate. H&r block taxes   Applicable federal rates are published by the IRS each month in the Internal Revenue Bulletin. H&r block taxes Some IRS offices have these bulletins available for research. H&r block taxes See chapter 5, How To Get Tax Help , for other ways to get this information. H&r block taxes Rules for below-market loans. H&r block taxes   The rules that apply to a below-market loan depend on whether the loan is a gift loan, demand loan, or term loan. H&r block taxes Gift and demand loans. H&r block taxes   A gift loan is any below-market loan where the forgone interest is in the nature of a gift. H&r block taxes   A demand loan is a loan payable in full at any time upon demand by the lender. H&r block taxes A demand loan is a below-market loan if no interest is charged or if interest is charged at a rate below the applicable federal rate. H&r block taxes   A demand loan or gift loan that is a below-market loan is generally treated as an arm's-length transaction in which the lender is treated as having made: A loan to the borrower in exchange for a note that requires the payment of interest at the applicable federal rate, and An additional payment to the borrower in an amount equal to the forgone interest. H&r block taxes The borrower is generally treated as transferring the additional payment back to the lender as interest. H&r block taxes The lender must report that amount as interest income. H&r block taxes   The lender's additional payment to the borrower is treated as a gift, dividend, contribution to capital, pay for services, or other payment, depending on the substance of the transaction. H&r block taxes The borrower may have to report this payment as taxable income, depending on its classification. H&r block taxes These transfers are considered to occur annually, generally on December 31. H&r block taxes Term loans. H&r block taxes   A term loan is any loan that is not a demand loan. H&r block taxes A term loan is a below-market loan if the amount of the loan is more than the present value of all payments due under the loan. H&r block taxes   A lender who makes a below-market term loan other than a gift loan is treated as transferring an additional lump-sum cash payment to the borrower (as a dividend, contribution to capital, etc. H&r block taxes ) on the date the loan is made. H&r block taxes The amount of this payment is the amount of the loan minus the present value, at the applicable federal rate, of all payments due under the loan. H&r block taxes An equal amount is treated as original issue discount (OID). H&r block taxes The lender must report the annual part of the OID as interest income. H&r block taxes The borrower may be able to deduct the OID as interest expense. H&r block taxes See Original Issue Discount (OID) , later. H&r block taxes Exceptions to the below-market loan rules. H&r block taxes   Exceptions to the below-market loan rules are discussed here. H&r block taxes Exception for loans of $10,000 or less. H&r block taxes   The rules for below-market loans do not apply to any day on which the total outstanding amount of loans between the borrower and lender is $10,000 or less. H&r block taxes This exception applies only to: Gift loans between individuals if the gift loan is not directly used to buy or carry income-producing assets, and Pay-related loans or corporation-shareholder loans if the avoidance of federal tax is not a principal purpose of the interest arrangement. H&r block taxes This exception does not apply to a term loan described in (2) earlier that previously has been subject to the below-market loan rules. H&r block taxes Those rules will continue to apply even if the outstanding balance is reduced to $10,000 or less. H&r block taxes Exception for loans to continuing care facilities. H&r block taxes   Loans to qualified continuing care facilities under continuing care contracts are not subject to the rules for below-market loans for the calendar year if the lender or the lender's spouse is age 62 or older at the end of the year. H&r block taxes For the definitions of qualified continuing care facility and continuing care contract, see Internal Revenue Code section 7872(h). H&r block taxes Exception for loans without significant tax effect. H&r block taxes   Loans are excluded from the below-market loan rules if their interest arrangements do not have a significant effect on the federal tax liability of the borrower or the lender. H&r block taxes These loans include: Loans made available by the lender to the general public on the same terms and conditions that are consistent with the lender's customary business practice; Loans subsidized by a federal, state, or municipal government that are made available under a program of general application to the public; Certain employee-relocation loans; Certain loans from a foreign person, unless the interest income would be effectively connected with the conduct of a U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes trade or business and would not be exempt from U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes tax under an income tax treaty; Gift loans to a charitable organization, contributions to which are deductible, if the total outstanding amount of loans between the organization and lender is $250,000 or less at all times during the tax year; and Other loans on which the interest arrangement can be shown to have no significant effect on the federal tax liability of the lender or the borrower. H&r block taxes For a loan described in (6) above, all the facts and circumstances are used to determine if the interest arrangement has a significant effect on the federal tax liability of the lender or borrower. H&r block taxes Some factors to be considered are: Whether items of income and deduction generated by the loan offset each other; The amount of these items; The cost to you of complying with the below-market loan rules, if they were to apply; and Any reasons other than taxes for structuring the transaction as a below-market loan. H&r block taxes If you structure a transaction to meet this exception and one of the principal purposes of that structure is the avoidance of federal tax, the loan will be considered a tax-avoidance loan, and this exception will not apply. H&r block taxes Limit on forgone interest for gift loans of $100,000 or less. H&r block taxes   For gift loans between individuals, if the outstanding loans between the lender and borrower total $100,000 or less, the forgone interest to be included in income by the lender and deducted by the borrower is limited to the amount of the borrower's net investment income for the year. H&r block taxes If the borrower's net investment income is $1,000 or less, it is treated as zero. H&r block taxes This limit does not apply to a loan if the avoidance of federal tax is one of the main purposes of the interest arrangement. H&r block taxes Effective dates. H&r block taxes    These rules apply to term loans made after June 6, 1984, and to demand loans outstanding after that date. H&r block taxes U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Savings Bonds This section provides tax information on U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds. H&r block taxes It explains how to report the interest income on these bonds and how to treat transfers of these bonds. H&r block taxes U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds currently offered to individuals include Series EE bonds and Series I bonds. H&r block taxes For other information on U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds, write to:  For Series HH/H: Bureau of the Fiscal Service Division of Customer Assistance P. H&r block taxes O. H&r block taxes Box 2186 Parkersburg, WV 26106-2186  For Series EE and I paper savings bonds: Bureau of the Fiscal Service Division of Customer Assistance P. H&r block taxes O. H&r block taxes Box 7012 Parkersburg, WV 26106-7012  For Series EE and I electronic bonds: Bureau of the Fiscal Service  Division of Customer Assistance P. H&r block taxes O. H&r block taxes Box 7015 Parkersburg, WV 26106-7015 Or, on the Internet, visit: www. H&r block taxes treasurydirect. H&r block taxes gov/indiv/indiv. H&r block taxes htm. H&r block taxes Accrual method taxpayers. H&r block taxes   If you use an accrual method of accounting, you must report interest on U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds each year as it accrues. H&r block taxes You cannot postpone reporting interest until you receive it or until the bonds mature. H&r block taxes Cash method taxpayers. H&r block taxes   If you use the cash method of accounting, as most individual taxpayers do, you generally report the interest on U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds when you receive it. H&r block taxes But see Reporting options for cash method taxpayers , later. H&r block taxes Series HH bonds. H&r block taxes   These bonds were issued at face value. H&r block taxes Interest is paid twice a year by direct deposit to your bank account. H&r block taxes If you are a cash method taxpayer, you must report interest on these bonds as income in the year you receive it. H&r block taxes   Series HH bonds were first offered in 1980 and last offered in August 2004. H&r block taxes Before 1980, series H bonds were issued. H&r block taxes Series H bonds are treated the same as series HH bonds. H&r block taxes If you are a cash method taxpayer, you must report the interest when you receive it. H&r block taxes   Series H bonds have a maturity period of 30 years. H&r block taxes Series HH bonds mature in 20 years. H&r block taxes The last series H bonds matured in 2009. H&r block taxes The last series HH bonds will mature in 2024. H&r block taxes Series EE and series I bonds. H&r block taxes   Interest on these bonds is payable when you redeem the bonds. H&r block taxes The difference between the purchase price and the redemption value is taxable interest. H&r block taxes Series EE bonds. H&r block taxes   Series EE bonds were first offered in January 1980 and have a maturity period of 30 years. H&r block taxes Before July 1980, series E bonds were issued. H&r block taxes The original 10-year maturity period of series E bonds has been extended to 40 years for bonds issued before December 1965 and 30 years for bonds issued after November 1965. H&r block taxes Paper series EE and series E bonds are issued at a discount. H&r block taxes The face value is payable to you at maturity. H&r block taxes Electronic series EE bonds are issued at their face value. H&r block taxes The face value plus accrued interest is payable to you at maturity. H&r block taxes As of January 1, 2012, paper savings bonds were no longer sold at financial institutions. H&r block taxes    Owners of paper series EE bonds can convert them to electronic bonds. H&r block taxes These converted bonds do not retain the denomination listed on the paper certificate but are posted at their purchase price (with accrued interest). H&r block taxes Series I bonds. H&r block taxes   Series I bonds were first offered in 1998. H&r block taxes These are inflation-indexed bonds issued at their face amount with a maturity period of 30 years. H&r block taxes The face value plus all accrued interest is payable to you at maturity. H&r block taxes Reporting options for cash method taxpayers. H&r block taxes   If you use the cash method of reporting income, you can report the interest on series EE, series E, and series I bonds in either of the following ways. H&r block taxes Method 1. H&r block taxes Postpone reporting the interest until the earlier of the year you cash or dispose of the bonds or the year in which they mature. H&r block taxes (However, see Savings bonds traded , later. H&r block taxes )  Note. H&r block taxes Series EE bonds issued in 1983 matured in 2013. H&r block taxes If you have used method 1, you generally must report the interest on these bonds on your 2013 return. H&r block taxes The last series E bonds were issued in 1980 and matured in 2010. H&r block taxes If you used method 1, you generally should have reported the interest on these bonds on your 2010 return. H&r block taxes Method 2. H&r block taxes Choose to report the increase in redemption value as interest each year. H&r block taxes  You must use the same method for all series EE, series E, and series I bonds you own. H&r block taxes If you do not choose method 2 by reporting the increase in redemption value as interest each year, you must use method 1. H&r block taxes If you plan to cash your bonds in the same year you will pay for higher educational expenses, you may want to use method 1 because you may be able to exclude the interest from your income. H&r block taxes To learn how, see Education Savings Bond Program, later. H&r block taxes Change from method 1. H&r block taxes   If you want to change your method of reporting the interest from method 1 to method 2, you can do so without permission from the IRS. H&r block taxes In the year of change, you must report all interest accrued to date and not previously reported for all your bonds. H&r block taxes   Once you choose to report the interest each year, you must continue to do so for all series EE, series E, and series I bonds you own and for any you get later, unless you request permission to change, as explained next. H&r block taxes Change from method 2. H&r block taxes   To change from method 2 to method 1, you must request permission from the IRS. H&r block taxes Permission for the change is automatically granted if you send the IRS a statement that meets all the following requirements. H&r block taxes You have typed or printed the following number at the top: “131. H&r block taxes ” It includes your name and social security number under “131. H&r block taxes ” It includes the year of change (both the beginning and ending dates). H&r block taxes It identifies the savings bonds for which you are requesting this change. H&r block taxes It includes your agreement to: Report all interest on any bonds acquired during or after the year of change when the interest is realized upon disposition, redemption, or final maturity, whichever is earliest; and Report all interest on the bonds acquired before the year of change when the interest is realized upon disposition, redemption, or final maturity, whichever is earliest, with the exception of the interest reported in prior tax years. H&r block taxes   You must attach this statement to your tax return for the year of change, which you must file by the due date (including extensions). H&r block taxes   You can have an automatic extension of 6 months from the due date of your return for the year of change (excluding extensions) to file the statement with an amended return. H&r block taxes On the statement, type or print “Filed pursuant to section 301. H&r block taxes 9100-2. H&r block taxes ” To get this extension, you must have filed your original return for the year of the change by the due date (including extensions). H&r block taxes    By the date you file the original statement with your return, you must also send a signed copy to the address below. H&r block taxes    Internal Revenue Service Attention: CC:IT&A (Automatic Rulings Branch) P. H&r block taxes O. H&r block taxes Box 7604 Benjamin Franklin Station Washington, DC 20044   If you use a private delivery service, send the signed copy to the address below. H&r block taxes Internal Revenue Service Attention: CC:IT&A  (Automatic Rulings Branch) Room 5336 1111 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20224    Instead of filing this statement, you can request permission to change from method 2 to method 1 by filing Form 3115. H&r block taxes In that case, follow the form instructions for an automatic change. H&r block taxes No user fee is required. H&r block taxes Co-owners. H&r block taxes   If a U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bond is issued in the names of co-owners, such as you and your child or you and your spouse, interest on the bond is generally taxable to the co-owner who bought the bond. H&r block taxes One co-owner's funds used. H&r block taxes   If you used your funds to buy the bond, you must pay the tax on the interest. H&r block taxes This is true even if you let the other co-owner redeem the bond and keep all the proceeds. H&r block taxes Under these circumstances, the co-owner who redeemed the bond will receive a Form 1099-INT at the time of redemption and must provide you with another Form 1099-INT showing the amount of interest from the bond taxable to you. H&r block taxes The co-owner who redeemed the bond is a “nominee. H&r block taxes ” See Nominee distributions under How To Report Interest Income, later, for more information about how a person who is a nominee reports interest income belonging to another person. H&r block taxes Both co-owners' funds used. H&r block taxes   If you and the other co-owner each contribute part of the bond's purchase price, the interest is generally taxable to each of you, in proportion to the amount each of you paid. H&r block taxes Community property. H&r block taxes   If you and your spouse live in a community property state and hold bonds as community property, one-half of the interest is considered received by each of you. H&r block taxes If you file separate returns, each of you generally must report one-half of the bond interest. H&r block taxes For more information about community property, see Publication 555. H&r block taxes Table 1-2. H&r block taxes   These rules are also shown in Table 1-2. H&r block taxes Child as only owner. H&r block taxes   Interest on U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds bought for and registered only in the name of your child is income to your child, even if you paid for the bonds and are named as beneficiary. H&r block taxes If the bonds are series EE, series E, or series I bonds, the interest on the bonds is income to your child in the earlier of the year the bonds are cashed or disposed of or the year the bonds mature, unless your child chooses to report the interest income each year. H&r block taxes Choice to report interest each year. H&r block taxes   The choice to report the accrued interest each year can be made either by your child or by you for your child. H&r block taxes This choice is made by filing an income tax return that shows all the interest earned to date, and by stating on the return that your child chooses to report the interest each year. H&r block taxes Either you or your child should keep a copy of this return. H&r block taxes   Unless your child is otherwise required to file a tax return for any year after making this choice, your child does not have to file a return only to report the annual accrual of U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bond interest under this choice. H&r block taxes However, see Tax on unearned income of certain children , earlier, under General Information. H&r block taxes Neither you nor your child can change the way you report the interest unless you request permission from the IRS, as discussed earlier under Change from method 2 . H&r block taxes Ownership transferred. H&r block taxes   If you bought series E, series EE, or series I bonds entirely with your own funds and had them reissued in your co-owner's name or beneficiary's name alone, you must include in your gross income for the year of reissue all interest that you earned on these bonds and have not previously reported. H&r block taxes But, if the bonds were reissued in your name alone, you do not have to report the interest accrued at that time. H&r block taxes   This same rule applies when bonds (other than bonds held as community property) are transferred between spouses or incident to divorce. H&r block taxes Example. H&r block taxes You bought series EE bonds entirely with your own funds. H&r block taxes You did not choose to report the accrued interest each year. H&r block taxes Later, you transfer the bonds to your former spouse under a divorce agreement. H&r block taxes You must include the deferred accrued interest, from the date of the original issue of the bonds to the date of transfer, in your income in the year of transfer. H&r block taxes Your former spouse includes in income the interest on the bonds from the date of transfer to the date of redemption. H&r block taxes Table 1-2. H&r block taxes Who Pays the Tax on U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes Savings Bond Interest IF . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes THEN the interest must be reported by . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes . H&r block taxes you buy a bond in your name and the name of another person as co-owners, using only your own funds you. H&r block taxes you buy a bond in the name of another person, who is the sole owner of the bond the person for whom you bought the bond. H&r block taxes you and another person buy a bond as co-owners, each contributing part of the purchase price both you and the other co-owner, in proportion to the amount each paid for the bond. H&r block taxes you and your spouse, who live in a community property state, buy a bond that is community property you and your spouse. H&r block taxes If you file separate returns, both you and your spouse generally report one-half of the interest. H&r block taxes Purchased jointly. H&r block taxes   If you and a co-owner each contributed funds to buy series E, series EE, or series I bonds jointly and later have the bonds reissued in the co-owner's name alone, you must include in your gross income for the year of reissue your share of all the interest earned on the bonds that you have not previously reported. H&r block taxes The former co-owner does not have to include in gross income at the time of reissue his or her share of the interest earned that was not reported before the transfer. H&r block taxes This interest, however, as well as all interest earned after the reissue, is income to the former co-owner. H&r block taxes   This income-reporting rule also applies when the bonds are reissued in the name of your former co-owner and a new co-owner. H&r block taxes But the new co-owner will report only his or her share of the interest earned after the transfer. H&r block taxes   If bonds that you and a co-owner bought jointly are reissued to each of you separately in the same proportion as your contribution to the purchase price, neither you nor your co-owner has to report at that time the interest earned before the bonds were reissued. H&r block taxes Example 1. H&r block taxes You and your spouse each spent an equal amount to buy a $1,000 series EE savings bond. H&r block taxes The bond was issued to you and your spouse as co-owners. H&r block taxes You both postpone reporting interest on the bond. H&r block taxes You later have the bond reissued as two $500 bonds, one in your name and one in your spouse's name. H&r block taxes At that time neither you nor your spouse has to report the interest earned to the date of reissue. H&r block taxes Example 2. H&r block taxes You bought a $1,000 series EE savings bond entirely with your own funds. H&r block taxes The bond was issued to you and your spouse as co-owners. H&r block taxes You both postponed reporting interest on the bond. H&r block taxes You later have the bond reissued as two $500 bonds, one in your name and one in your spouse's name. H&r block taxes You must report half the interest earned to the date of reissue. H&r block taxes Transfer to a trust. H&r block taxes   If you own series E, series EE, or series I bonds and transfer them to a trust, giving up all rights of ownership, you must include in your income for that year the interest earned to the date of transfer if you have not already reported it. H&r block taxes However, if you are considered the owner of the trust and if the increase in value both before and after the transfer continues to be taxable to you, you can continue to defer reporting the interest earned each year. H&r block taxes You must include the total interest in your income in the year you cash or dispose of the bonds or the year the bonds finally mature, whichever is earlier. H&r block taxes   The same rules apply to previously unreported interest on series EE or series E bonds if the transfer to a trust consisted of series HH or series H bonds you acquired in a trade for the series EE or series E bonds. H&r block taxes See Savings bonds traded , later. H&r block taxes Decedents. H&r block taxes   The manner of reporting interest income on series E, series EE, or series I bonds, after the death of the owner (decedent), depends on the accounting and income-reporting methods previously used by the decedent. H&r block taxes Decedent who reported interest each year. H&r block taxes   If the bonds transferred because of death were owned by a person who used an accrual method, or who used the cash method and had chosen to report the interest each year, the interest earned in the year of death up to the date of death must be reported on that person's final return. H&r block taxes The person who acquires the bonds includes in income only interest earned after the date of death. H&r block taxes Decedent who postponed reporting interest. H&r block taxes   If the transferred bonds were owned by a decedent who had used the cash method and had not chosen to report the interest each year, and who had bought the bonds entirely with his or her own funds, all interest earned before death must be reported in one of the following ways. H&r block taxes The surviving spouse or personal representative (executor, administrator, etc. H&r block taxes ) who files the final income tax return of the decedent can choose to include on that return all interest earned on the bonds before the decedent's death. H&r block taxes The person who acquires the bonds then includes in income only interest earned after the date of death. H&r block taxes If the choice in (1) is not made, the interest earned up to the date of death is income in respect of the decedent and should not be included in the decedent's final return. H&r block taxes All interest earned both before and after the decedent's death (except any part reported by the estate on its income tax return) is income to the person who acquires the bonds. H&r block taxes If that person uses the cash method and does not choose to report the interest each year, he or she can postpone reporting it until the year the bonds are cashed or disposed of or the year they mature, whichever is earlier. H&r block taxes In the year that person reports the interest, he or she can claim a deduction for any federal estate tax paid on the part of the interest included in the decedent's estate. H&r block taxes For more information on income in respect of a decedent, see Publication 559, Survivors, Executors, and Administrators. H&r block taxes Example 1. H&r block taxes Your uncle, a cash method taxpayer, died and left you a $1,000 series EE bond. H&r block taxes He had bought the bond for $500 and had not chosen to report the interest each year. H&r block taxes At the date of death, interest of $200 had accrued on the bond, and its value of $700 was included in your uncle's estate. H&r block taxes Your uncle's executor chose not to include the $200 accrued interest in your uncle's final income tax return. H&r block taxes The $200 is income in respect of the decedent. H&r block taxes You are a cash method taxpayer and do not choose to report the interest each year as it is earned. H&r block taxes If you cash the bond when it reaches maturity value of $1,000, you report $500 interest income—the difference between maturity value of $1,000 and the original cost of $500. H&r block taxes For that year, you can deduct (as a miscellaneous itemized deduction not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit) any federal estate tax paid because the $200 interest was included in your uncle's estate. H&r block taxes Example 2. H&r block taxes If, in Example 1 , the executor had chosen to include the $200 accrued interest in your uncle's final return, you would report only $300 as interest when you cashed the bond at maturity. H&r block taxes $300 is the interest earned after your uncle's death. H&r block taxes Example 3. H&r block taxes If, in Example 1 , you make or have made the choice to report the increase in redemption value as interest each year, you include in gross income for the year you acquire the bond all of the unreported increase in value of all series E, series EE, and series I bonds you hold, including the $200 on the bond you inherited from your uncle. H&r block taxes Example 4. H&r block taxes When your aunt died, she owned series HH bonds that she had acquired in a trade for series EE bonds. H&r block taxes You were the beneficiary of these bonds. H&r block taxes Your aunt used the cash method and did not choose to report the interest on the series EE bonds each year as it accrued. H&r block taxes Your aunt's executor chose not to include any interest earned before your aunt's death on her final return. H&r block taxes The income in respect of the decedent is the sum of the unreported interest on the series EE bonds and the interest, if any, payable on the series HH bonds but not received as of the date of your aunt's death. H&r block taxes You must report any interest received during the year as income on your return. H&r block taxes The part of the interest payable but not received before your aunt's death is income in respect of the decedent and may qualify for the estate tax deduction. H&r block taxes For information on when to report the interest on the series EE bonds traded, see Savings bonds traded , later. H&r block taxes Savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. H&r block taxes   If you acquire a U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bond in a taxable distribution from a retirement or profit-sharing plan, your income for the year of distribution includes the bond's redemption value (its cost plus the interest accrued before the distribution). H&r block taxes When you redeem the bond (whether in the year of distribution or later), your interest income includes only the interest accrued after the bond was distributed. H&r block taxes To figure the interest reported as a taxable distribution and your interest income when you redeem the bond, see Worksheet for savings bonds distributed from a retirement or profit-sharing plan under How To Report Interest Income, later. H&r block taxes Savings bonds traded. H&r block taxes   If you postponed reporting the interest on your series EE or series E bonds, you did not recognize taxable income when you traded the bonds for series HH or series H bonds, unless you received cash in the trade. H&r block taxes (You cannot trade series I bonds for series HH bonds. H&r block taxes After August 31, 2004, you cannot trade any other series of bonds for series HH bonds. H&r block taxes ) Any cash you received is income up to the amount of the interest earned on the bonds traded. H&r block taxes When your series HH or series H bonds mature, or if you dispose of them before maturity, you report as interest the difference between their redemption value and your cost. H&r block taxes Your cost is the sum of the amount you paid for the traded series EE or series E bonds plus any amount you had to pay at the time of the trade. H&r block taxes Example. H&r block taxes You traded series EE bonds (on which you postponed reporting the interest) for $2,500 in series HH bonds and $223 in cash. H&r block taxes You reported the $223 as taxable income on your tax return. H&r block taxes At the time of the trade, the series EE bonds had accrued interest of $523 and a redemption value of $2,723. H&r block taxes You hold the series HH bonds until maturity, when you receive $2,500. H&r block taxes You must report $300 as interest income in the year of maturity. H&r block taxes This is the difference between their redemption value, $2,500, and your cost, $2,200 (the amount you paid for the series EE bonds). H&r block taxes (It is also the difference between the accrued interest of $523 on the series EE bonds and the $223 cash received on the trade. H&r block taxes ) Choice to report interest in year of trade. H&r block taxes   You could have chosen to treat all of the previously unreported accrued interest on series EE or series E bonds traded for series HH bonds as income in the year of the trade. H&r block taxes If you made this choice, it is treated as a change from method 1. H&r block taxes See Change from method 1 under Series EE and series I bonds, earlier. H&r block taxes Form 1099-INT for U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bond interest. H&r block taxes   When you cash a bond, the bank or other payer that redeems it must give you a Form 1099-INT if the interest part of the payment you receive is $10 or more. H&r block taxes Box 3 of your Form 1099-INT should show the interest as the difference between the amount you received and the amount paid for the bond. H&r block taxes However, your Form 1099-INT may show more interest than you have to include on your income tax return. H&r block taxes For example, this may happen if any of the following are true. H&r block taxes You chose to report the increase in the redemption value of the bond each year. H&r block taxes The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by amounts previously included in income. H&r block taxes You received the bond from a decedent. H&r block taxes The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by any interest reported by the decedent before death, or on the decedent's final return, or by the estate on the estate's income tax return. H&r block taxes Ownership of the bond was transferred. H&r block taxes The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by interest that accrued before the transfer. H&r block taxes You were named as a co-owner, and the other co-owner contributed funds to buy the bond. H&r block taxes The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by the amount you received as nominee for the other co-owner. H&r block taxes (See Co-owners , earlier in this section, for more information about the reporting requirements. H&r block taxes ) You received the bond in a taxable distribution from a retirement or profit-sharing plan. H&r block taxes The interest shown on your Form 1099-INT will not be reduced by the interest portion of the amount taxable as a distribution from the plan and not taxable as interest. H&r block taxes (This amount is generally shown on Form 1099-R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc. H&r block taxes , for the year of distribution. H&r block taxes )   For more information on including the correct amount of interest on your return, see U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bond interest previously reported or Nominee distributions under How To Report Interest Income, later. H&r block taxes    Interest on U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds is exempt from state and local taxes. H&r block taxes The Form 1099-INT you receive will indicate the amount that is for U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds interest in box 3. H&r block taxes Do not include this income on your state or local income tax return. H&r block taxes Education Savings Bond Program You may be able to exclude from income all or part of the interest you receive on the redemption of qualified U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds during the year if you pay qualified higher educational expenses during the same year. H&r block taxes This exclusion is known as the Education Savings Bond Program. H&r block taxes You do not qualify for this exclusion if your filing status is married filing separately. H&r block taxes Form 8815. H&r block taxes   Use Form 8815 to figure your exclusion. H&r block taxes Attach the form to your Form 1040 or Form 1040A. H&r block taxes Qualified U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds. H&r block taxes   A qualified U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bond is a series EE bond issued after 1989 or a series I bond. H&r block taxes The bond must be issued either in your name (sole owner) or in your and your spouse's names (co-owners). H&r block taxes You must be at least 24 years old before the bond's issue date. H&r block taxes For example, a bond bought by a parent and issued in the name of his or her child under age 24 does not qualify for the exclusion by the parent or child. H&r block taxes    The issue date of a bond may be earlier than the date the bond is purchased because the issue date assigned to a bond is the first day of the month in which it is purchased. H&r block taxes Beneficiary. H&r block taxes   You can designate any individual (including a child) as a beneficiary of the bond. H&r block taxes Verification by IRS. H&r block taxes   If you claim the exclusion, the IRS will check it by using bond redemption information from the Department of Treasury. H&r block taxes Qualified expenses. H&r block taxes   Qualified higher educational expenses are tuition and fees required for you, your spouse, or your dependent (for whom you claim an exemption) to attend an eligible educational institution. H&r block taxes   Qualified expenses include any contribution you make to a qualified tuition program or to a Coverdell education savings account. H&r block taxes For information about these programs, see Publication 970, Tax Benefits for Education. H&r block taxes   Qualified expenses do not include expenses for room and board or for courses involving sports, games, or hobbies that are not part of a degree or certificate granting program. H&r block taxes Eligible educational institutions. H&r block taxes   These institutions include most public, private, and nonprofit universities, colleges, and vocational schools that are accredited and eligible to participate in student aid programs run by the Department of Education. H&r block taxes Reduction for certain benefits. H&r block taxes   You must reduce your qualified higher educational expenses by all of the following tax-free benefits. H&r block taxes Tax-free part of scholarships and fellowships. H&r block taxes Expenses used to figure the tax-free portion of distributions from a Coverdell ESA. H&r block taxes Expenses used to figure the tax-free portion of distributions from a qualified tuition program. H&r block taxes Any tax-free payments (other than gifts or inheritances) received as educational assistance, such as: Veterans' educational assistance benefits, Qualified tuition reductions, or Employer-provided educational assistance. H&r block taxes Any expense used in figuring the American Opportunity and lifetime learning credits. H&r block taxes For information about these benefits, see Publication 970. H&r block taxes Amount excludable. H&r block taxes   If the total proceeds (interest and principal) from the qualified U. H&r block taxes S. H&r block taxes savings bonds you redeem during the year are not more than your adjusted qualified higher educational expenses for the year, you may be able to exclude all of the interest. H&r block taxes If the proceeds are more than the expenses, you may be able to exclude only part of the interest. H&r block taxes   To determine the excludable amount, multiply the interest part of the proceeds by a fraction. H&r block taxes The numer
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The H&r Block Taxes

H&r block taxes Index A Abatement of interest and penalties, Abatement of interest and penalties. H&r block taxes Accidents, Deductible losses. H&r block taxes , Nondeductible losses. H&r block taxes Adjusted basis, Adjusted Basis Adjustments to basis, Basis adjustment to corporation's property. H&r block taxes , Adjustments to Basis Amended returns, Amended return. H&r block taxes Appraisals, Appraisal. H&r block taxes , Costs of photographs and appraisals. H&r block taxes Assistance (see Tax help) B Bad debts, Nonbusiness bad debt. H&r block taxes Basis Adjusted, Adjusted Basis Adjustments to, Basis adjustment to corporation's property. H&r block taxes , Adjustments to Basis Replacement property, Basis of replacement property. H&r block taxes Business or income-producing property, Business or income-producing property. H&r block taxes Business purposes, property used partly for, Property used partly for business and partly for personal purposes. H&r block taxes C Cars Accidents, Deductible losses. H&r block taxes Fair market value of, Car value. H&r block taxes Cash gifts, Cash gifts. H&r block taxes Casualty losses, Table 3. H&r block taxes When To Deduct a Casualty or Theft Loss Deductible losses, Deductible losses. H&r block taxes Definition, Casualty Deposits, loss on, Casualty loss or ordinary loss. H&r block taxes Nondeductible losses, Nondeductible losses. H&r block taxes Progressive deterioration, Progressive deterioration. H&r block taxes Proof of, Casualty loss proof. H&r block taxes When to report, Losses. H&r block taxes Workbooks for listing property, Workbooks for casualties and thefts. H&r block taxes Clean up costs, Cost of cleaning up or making repairs. H&r block taxes Condemnation, Condemnations. H&r block taxes Corrosive drywall, Special Procedure for Damage From Corrosive Drywall Costs Appraisals, Costs of photographs and appraisals. H&r block taxes Clean up, Cost of cleaning up or making repairs. H&r block taxes Incidental expenses, Related expenses. H&r block taxes Landscaping, Landscaping. H&r block taxes Photographs taken after loss, Costs of photographs and appraisals. H&r block taxes Protection, Cost of protection. H&r block taxes Repair, Cost of cleaning up or making repairs. H&r block taxes Replacement, Replacement cost. H&r block taxes D Death of taxpayer Postponement of gain, Death of a taxpayer. H&r block taxes Deductible losses, Deductible losses. H&r block taxes Deduction limits, Deduction Limits $100 rule, $100 Rule 10% rule, 10% Rule 2% rule, 2% Rule Deposit losses, Mislaid or lost property. H&r block taxes , Table 3. H&r block taxes When To Deduct a Casualty or Theft Loss Reporting of (Table 1), Table 1. H&r block taxes Reporting Loss on Deposits When to report, Loss on deposits. H&r block taxes Disaster area losses, Lessee's loss. H&r block taxes Claiming on amended return, Claiming a disaster loss on an amended return. H&r block taxes Federal loan canceled, Federal loan canceled. H&r block taxes Federally declared disaster, Business or income-producing property located in a federally declared disaster area. H&r block taxes , Disaster Area Losses Figuring loss deduction, Figuring the loss deduction. H&r block taxes Form 1040X, How to report the loss on Form 1040X. H&r block taxes Home made unsafe, Home made unsafe by disaster. H&r block taxes How to deduct loss in preceding year, How to deduct your loss in the preceding year. H&r block taxes Inventory, Disaster loss to inventory. H&r block taxes Main home rules, Main home in disaster area. H&r block taxes , Gains. H&r block taxes Qualified disaster mitigation payments, Qualified disaster mitigation payments. H&r block taxes Qualified disaster relief payments, Qualified disaster relief payments. H&r block taxes Records to keep, Records. H&r block taxes Tax deadlines postponed, Covered disaster area. H&r block taxes When to deduct, When to deduct the loss. H&r block taxes Table 3, Table 3. H&r block taxes When To Deduct a Casualty or Theft Loss Disaster mitigation payments, Qualified disaster mitigation payments. H&r block taxes Disaster relief grants, Disaster relief. H&r block taxes Drywall, corrosive, Special Procedure for Damage From Corrosive Drywall Due dates Tax deadlines postponed, Postponed Tax Deadlines E Employer's emergency disaster fund, Employer's emergency disaster fund. H&r block taxes F Fair market value (FMV) Decline in value of property in or near casualty area, Decline in market value of property in or near casualty area. H&r block taxes Measuring decrease in, Decrease in Fair Market Value Items not to consider, Figuring Decrease in FMV — Items Not To Consider Items to consider, Figuring Decrease in FMV — Items To Consider Federal disaster relief grants, Federal disaster relief grants. H&r block taxes Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), contacting, Contacting the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federally declared disasters, Business or income-producing property located in a federally declared disaster area. H&r block taxes , Disaster Area Losses Figuring gain, Property used partly for business and partly for personal purposes. H&r block taxes Figuring loss, Theft loss proof. H&r block taxes , Figuring the Deduction Adjusted basis, Adjusted Basis Disaster area losses, Figuring the loss deduction. H&r block taxes Insurance and other reimbursements, Insurance and Other Reimbursements Form 1040, Schedule A, Personal-use property. H&r block taxes Form 1040, Schedule D, Personal-use property. H&r block taxes Form 1040X Disaster area losses, How to report the loss on Form 1040X. H&r block taxes Form 4684 Reporting gains and losses on personal-use property, Personal-use property. H&r block taxes Free tax services, Free help with your tax return. H&r block taxes G Gains Figuring, Figuring a Gain Postponement of, Postponement of Gain, How To Postpone a Gain Reimbursements, Gain from reimbursement. H&r block taxes Reporting of, Contacting the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) When to report, Changing your mind. H&r block taxes H Help (see Tax help) I Incidental expenses, Related expenses. H&r block taxes Insurance, Insurance and Other Reimbursements Living expenses, payments for, Insurance payments for living expenses. H&r block taxes Interest abatement, Abatement of interest and penalties. H&r block taxes Inventory losses, Loss of inventory. H&r block taxes Disaster area losses, Disaster loss to inventory. H&r block taxes L Landscaping, Landscaping. H&r block taxes Leased property, Leased property. H&r block taxes When to report, Lessee's loss. H&r block taxes Losses Casualty (see Casualty losses) Deposits (see Deposit losses) Disaster areas (see Disaster area losses) Figuring amount (see Figuring loss) Proof of, Deducted loss recovered. H&r block taxes Records of, Theft loss proof. H&r block taxes Reporting of, Contacting the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Theft (see Theft losses) When to report, Changing your mind. H&r block taxes (Table 3), Table 3. H&r block taxes When To Deduct a Casualty or Theft Loss M Married taxpayers Deduction limits, Married taxpayers. H&r block taxes , Married taxpayers. H&r block taxes Mislaid or lost property, Mislaid or lost property. H&r block taxes Missing children, photographs of, Reminders N Nonbusiness bad debts, Nonbusiness bad debt. H&r block taxes Nondeductible losses, Nondeductible losses. H&r block taxes P Payments for living expenses, Insurance payments for living expenses. H&r block taxes Penalty abatement, Abatement of interest and penalties. H&r block taxes Personal property Loss deduction, figuring of, Personal property. H&r block taxes Personal-use property Reporting gains and losses, Personal-use property. H&r block taxes Personal-use real property, Exception for personal-use real property. H&r block taxes Photographs Documentation of loss, Costs of photographs and appraisals. H&r block taxes Ponzi-type investment schemes, Losses from Ponzi-type investment schemes. H&r block taxes Postponed tax deadlines, Postponed Tax Deadlines Postponement of gain, Postponement of Gain, How To Postpone a Gain Amended return, Amended return. H&r block taxes Changing mind, Changing your mind. H&r block taxes Replacement property acquired after return filed, Replacement property acquired after return filed. H&r block taxes Replacement property acquired before return filed, Replacement property acquired before return filed. H&r block taxes Required statement, Required statement. H&r block taxes Substituting replacement property, Substituting replacement property. H&r block taxes Three-year limit, Three-year limit. H&r block taxes Proof of loss, Proof of Loss Protection costs, Cost of protection. H&r block taxes Publications (see Tax help) R Records of loss, Theft loss proof. H&r block taxes Recovered stolen property, Recovered stolen property. H&r block taxes Reimbursements Cash gifts, Cash gifts. H&r block taxes Disaster relief, Disaster relief. H&r block taxes Employer's emergency disaster fund, Employer's emergency disaster fund. H&r block taxes Failure to file a claim, Failure to file a claim for reimbursement. H&r block taxes Received after deducting loss, Reimbursement Received After Deducting Loss Types of, Types of Reimbursements Related expenses, Related expenses. H&r block taxes Related person, replacement property bought from, Buying replacement property from a related person. H&r block taxes Repair costs, Cost of cleaning up or making repairs. H&r block taxes Replacement cost, Replacement cost. H&r block taxes Replacement period, Replacement Period Extension of, Extension. H&r block taxes Replacement property, Replacement Property Advance payment, Advance payment. H&r block taxes Basis adjustment to corporation's property, Basis adjustment to corporation's property. H&r block taxes Basis of, Basis of replacement property. H&r block taxes Main home, Main home replaced. H&r block taxes In disaster area, Main home in disaster area. H&r block taxes Postponement of gain, Replacement property acquired before return filed. H&r block taxes Reporting gains and losses, Reporting a gain. H&r block taxes , How To Report Gains and Losses Basis, adjustments to, Adjustments to Basis Business and income-producing property, Business and income-producing property. H&r block taxes Deductions exceeding income, If Deductions Are More Than Income Deposits, How to report. H&r block taxes Table 1, Table 1. H&r block taxes Reporting Loss on Deposits Disaster area losses, How to report the loss on Form 1040X. H&r block taxes Personal-use property, Personal-use property. H&r block taxes Timing of, When To Report Gains and Losses S Sentimental value, Sentimental value. H&r block taxes State disaster relief grants for businesses, State disaster relief grants for businesses. H&r block taxes Stolen property (see Theft losses) T Tables and figures Reporting loss on deposits (Table 1), Table 1. H&r block taxes Reporting Loss on Deposits When to deduct losses (Table 3), Table 3. H&r block taxes When To Deduct a Casualty or Theft Loss Tax help, How To Get Tax Help Theft losses, Theft FMV of stolen property, FMV of stolen property. H&r block taxes Mislaid or lost property, Mislaid or lost property. H&r block taxes Proof of, Theft loss proof. H&r block taxes When to deduct (Table 3), Table 3. H&r block taxes When To Deduct a Casualty or Theft Loss When to report, Losses. H&r block taxes Workbooks for listing property, Workbooks for casualties and thefts. H&r block taxes Timber loss, Timber loss. H&r block taxes W Workbooks for property lost due to casualties and thefts, Workbooks for casualties and thefts. H&r block taxes Prev  Up     Home   More Online Publications